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Class II MHC Antigen Expression in Bronchial Lavage Cells in a Canine Lung Allograft Model using FK506 Immunosuppression


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Title: Class II MHC Antigen Expression in Bronchial Lavage Cells in a Canine Lung Allograft Model using FK506 Immunosuppression
Authors: Kawahara, Katsunobu / Akamine, Shinji / Takahashi, Takao / Nakamura, Akihiro / Muraoka, Masashi / Tagawa, Tsutomu / Yamamoto, Satoshi / Tomita, Masao
Issue Date: 25-Dec-1993
Citation: Acta medica Nagasakiensia. 1993, 38(2-4), p.273-278
Abstract: Footnotes: Katsunobu Kawahara, MD., The First Department of Surgery, Nagasaki University School Medicine, Sakamoto-machi 7-1 #852, Nagasaki, Japan, TEL 0958-47-2111, FAX 0958-47-5034 Abbreviations: MHC: Major histocompatibility antigens, CsA: Cyclosporine A, BAL: Bronchoalveolar lavage, APC: Antigen presenting cell To assess the effect of FK506 on class II MHC antigen expression on lymphocytes recovered from bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) in dogs following left lung allotransplantation, flow cytometric anlysis with OKIa-1 monoclonal antibody was performed. Dogs were divided into two groups: Group 1 (n = 6), control group (dogs without surgery); Group 2 (n = 23), dogs recieving left lung allotransplantation and immunosuppression using FK506 (0.1mg/kg/day intramuscularly). No significant difference existed in the percentage of OKIa-1 positive lymphocytes recovered from control animals (31.2 ± 11.2%) vs. normal allografts in Group 2 (34.8 ± 8.5%, n = 16). With rejection, however, the percentage of OKIa-1 positive lymphocytes increases significantly in Group 2: 56.2 ± 10.3% in mild rejection (n = 6) and 91.4 ± 4.3% in moderate or severe rejection (n = 4) (p < 0.01). Chest radiographs appeared normal in allografted lungs with histologically mild rejection. The percentage of the OKIa-1 positive lymphocytes in BAL did not significantly change during the first, second, or third week following transplantation, ((32.2 ± 6.4 (n = 5), 36.4 ± 4.2 (n = 4), and 35.8 ± 12.3 (n = 7), respectively)) in the allografted lungs without rejection. FK506 does not affect the class II MHC antigen expression of lymphocytes recovered from BAL in canine allografted lungs without rejection. Furthermore, this compound does not change in class II antigen expression seen with allograft rejection.
Keywords: lung transplantation / rejection / bronchoalveolar lavage / class II MHC antigen
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10069/15954
ISSN: 00016055
Type: Departmental Bulletin Paper
Text Version: publisher
Appears in Collections:Volume 38, No. 2-4

Citable URI : http://hdl.handle.net/10069/15954

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