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Health Education Approaches to Control Urinary Schistosomiasis In Developing Countries


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Title: Health Education Approaches to Control Urinary Schistosomiasis In Developing Countries
Authors: Moji, Kazuhiko / Takemoto, Tai-Ichiro / Shimada, Masaaki / Aoki, Yoshiki / Karama, Mohamed / Kisingu, Wilfred / Mascie-Taylor, C.G.N.
Issue Date: 16-Dec-1998
Citation: Acta medica Nagasakiensia. 1998, 43(3-4), p.1-11
Abstract: This article reviews the main health education approaches for the control of urinary schistosomiasis which is endemic in many developing countries. The control of schistosomiasis by mass-chemotherapy and safe water supply needs people's behavioural changes through simultaneous effective health education. The characteristics of the following five health education approaches were demonstrated; (1) the 'provision of knowledge' approach, (2) the KAP (knowledge, attitude, and practice) or KAPB (knowledge, attitude, perception, and behaviour) study-based approach, (3) the health belief model, (4) the PRECEDE/PROCEED model, and (5) the community participation approach through empowerment and health learning. Education should be orientated by KAPB studies. Then, information on people's perception and attitudes toward the targeted disease should be collected through communication and discussion with people based on the Health Belief model. In the next step, proper knowledge and message for behavioural changes and disease control should be provided in a culturally acceptable and effective manner. These core parts of health education should be backed up using findings of the PRECEDE/PROCEED model. At the same time, health education should stimulate community participation, which in turn enhances the health learning process of community members. All these processes with available public health and basic human services should work together for effective behavioural change and for better health outcomes such as increasing mass-chemotherapy participation
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10069/16110
ISSN: 00016055
Type: Departmental Bulletin Paper
Text Version: publisher
Appears in Collections:Volume 43, No. 3-4

Citable URI : http://hdl.handle.net/10069/16110

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