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NAOSITE : Nagasaki University's Academic Output SITE > Faculty of Liberal Arts > Bulletin > Bulletin of the Faculty of Liberal Arts, Nagasaki University. Natural science > Volume 20, No. 2 >


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Title: スポーツの経験と認知スタイルについての検討
Other Titles: Study of the Relationship between Sports Experience and Cognitive Style
Authors: 山内, 正毅
Authors (alternative): Yamauchi, Masaki
Issue Date: Jan-1980
Citation: 長崎大学教養部紀要. 自然科学篇. 1980, 20(2), p.19-32
Abstract: The purpose of the present paper was to investigate the relationship between sports experience and cognitive style (especially, from the viewpoints of sex difference, length of sports experience, characteristics of motor skill and skill level). The subjects used for this investigation were 327 colledge male (203) and female (124) students. The test-battery consisted of the following tests: 1) Stroop Color-Word Test (CWT), 2) Embedded Figure Test (EFT), 3) Figure Preference of Simplicity-Complexity (FPSC), 4) Matching Familiar Figure Test (MFF), 5) Conceptual Style Test (CST), 6) Cognitive Preference Test (CPT). The results were as follows: 1) The results of statistical analysis showed significant differences by sex in the cognitive styles which were "flexible control-constricted control", "field dependent-field independent" and "reflection-impulsivity". Male students were of more "constricted control", "field independent" and "reflection" than female students. 2) There was no significant relationship between the length of sports experience and cognitive style for both male and female. 3) In the male students, analysis of variance for Test 1) and Test 2) showed the significant differences among different sports experiences. It was found that tennis players had relatively "conceptual dominance", that soccer players and judo players had relatively "perceptual-motor dominance" and that tennis players, volleyball players and track & field athletes had relatively "field independence". Besides, in the female students, track & field athletes were of more "analytic type" than tennis players. 4) In the Test 2), there was significant difference among characteristics of motor skill (i.e., open skill, closed skill and mixed skill), but there was no significant difference between open skill group and closed skill group. That is, mixed group (judo and kendo) showed more "field dependent" than open skill group and closed skill group. 5) Female high-skill-group showed to be of more "field dependent" than male low-skill-group and of more "analytic style" than female low-skill-group. Further demonstractive investigation to clarify the relationship between "cognitive style" and sports activities (or motor performance) is recommended.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10069/16521
ISSN: 02871319
Type: Departmental Bulletin Paper
Text Version: publisher
Appears in Collections:Volume 20, No. 2

Citable URI : http://hdl.handle.net/10069/16521

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