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BCG Immunization Age in Urban and Rural Areas of Akita Prefecture, Japan

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Title: BCG Immunization Age in Urban and Rural Areas of Akita Prefecture, Japan
Authors: Yahata, Yuichiro / Imai, Hirohisa / Fukuda, Yoshiharu / Zhang, Yong / Satoh, Tomoko / Nakao, Hiroyuki / Moji, Kazuhiko / Amano, Kenichi
Issue Date: Sep-2007
Publisher: 日本生理人類学会
Citation: Journal of physiological anthropology. 2007, 26(5), p.547-551
Abstract: BCG immunization, utilizing whole-body coordination, is a highly cost-effective means of health intervention for preventing miliary tuberculosis (TB) and TB meningitis. In this study, we investigated the appropriate age by which a child should have completed his or her BCG immunization and discuss the current BCG immunization rate in Akita Prefecture, Japan. BCG immunization rates in urban and rural areas were 90.1% and 80.7%, respectively. Our immunization data were lower than the World Health Organization's (WHO) recommended rate. Immunization coverage rates in urban settings were higher than those in rural areas among infants four months to fifteen months of age, except for those six months old. We recommend : (1) completing BCG immunization by the age of twelve months, (2) preparing and educating parents for BCG immunization by means of a health policy, and (3) changing BCG immunization methods from group to individual inoculation. Immunization coverage rates may be increased or maintained to prevent miliary TB and TB meningitis.
Keywords: BCG immunization / whole-body coordination / adaptability / infectious disease / health policy / settlement area / behavior
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10069/16726
Relational Links: http://ci.nii.ac.jp/naid/110006391293/
Rights: 日本生理人類学会 / 本文データは学協会の許諾に基づきCiNiiから複製したものである
Type: Journal Article
Text Version: publisher
Appears in Collections:Articles in academic journal

Citable URI : http://hdl.handle.net/10069/16726

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