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老人性骨粗鬆症に伴う脊椎圧迫骨折と脊柱変形そして骨量について


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Title: 老人性骨粗鬆症に伴う脊椎圧迫骨折と脊柱変形そして骨量について
Other Titles: Radiological Study of the Postural Deformity on Senile Osteoporosis
Authors: 池田, 定倫 / 鶴崎, 俊哉 / 井口, 茂
Authors (alternative): Ikeda, Sadamichi / Tsurusaki, Toshiya / Inokuchi, Shigeru
Issue Date: 31-Mar-1988
Citation: 長崎大学医療技術短期大学部紀要 = Bulletin of the School of Allied Medical Sciences, Nagasaki University. 1988, 1, p.103-109
Abstract: 老人性骨粗鬆症における脊柱変形と椎体圧迫骨折そしてMD法による骨量の相互の関係につきX線学的に検討した. 脊柱変形は,胸椎の後弯の増強と腰椎における前弯の増強が特徴的である円背と凹円背の症例が最も多く,椎体の変形は,胸椎の後弯部に一致して圧縮変形や楔状変形がみられ,腰椎の前弯部には,魚椎様変形が多発していた.椎体の圧迫骨折は,凹円背に最も発生頻度が高く,また,全後弯,亀背,凹円背では,腰椎において3椎体以上の圧迫骨折がみられた. 円背では,著明な骨量の低下がみられ,骨粗鬆症による影響が強いと考えられたが,他の変形群では,骨量とは関係がみられなかった. / Radiological study was done to assess the relationships among the postural deformities, compression fractures of spine and bone volume with Inoue's MD method on senile osteoporosis. Deformities of the round back and lordotic round back were the most frequent. Those deformities were formed of the increased kyphotic change in the thoratic spine and the increased lordotic change in the lumbar spine. The compression fracture of spine occured frequently in the lordotic round back group and developed in over three vertebra bodies of the lumbar spine in the total lordotic group, gibbus group and lordotic round back group. The flat and wedge vertebra developed in the kyphotic areas of the thoratic spine and the fish vertebra in the lordotic areas of the lumbar spine. The bone volume bacame less in the round back group but there was not significant statistically. The loss of the bone volume didn't affect the development of the compression fracture of spine and the forming of the postural deformity by itself.
Keywords: 老人性骨粗鬆症 / 脊椎圧迫骨折 / 脊柱変形 / MD法 / 不良姿勢
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10069/18072
ISSN: 09160841
Type: Departmental Bulletin Paper
Text Version: publisher
Appears in Collections:Volume 1

Citable URI : http://hdl.handle.net/10069/18072

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