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2歳児における漢字の読みの学習過程


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Title: 2歳児における漢字の読みの学習過程
Other Titles: Learning to Read Kanji by a Two-year-old Child
Authors: 長谷川, 芳典
Authors (alternative): Hasegawa, Yoshinori
Issue Date: 31-Mar-1989
Citation: 長崎大学医療技術短期大学部紀要 = Bulletin of the School of Allied Medical Sciences, Nagasaki University. 1989, 2, p.139-150
Abstract: 生まれて初めて日本語の文字を習得するさい,ひらがなに比べて漢字の習得のほうが容易であるか否か,また早期に習得した漢字がどの程度保持されるかについて1年間にわたる縦断的検討を行なった.被験児は実験開始時において2歳2ケ月になる男児1名,ひらがな・漢字ともまったく読めなかった.習得,保持テストの各段階では,漢字やひらがな等で図書館用カードに表記された250種類の語を,1日あたり40~50枚提示した.漢字やかなまじり漢字表記の語は,カタカナやひらがなだけで書かれた語にくらべてより早く習得され,保持率も高かった.これらの結果に基づき,初期の文字教育において,ひらがな先行よりも漢字とひらがなを同時に教えることの意義を強調した. / This study evaluates the relative difficulty of learning to read aloud Kanji and Kana characters. The subject was a two-year-old child. At the start of the training, he could not read any written words except for the Arabic numerals. The experimenter was the subject's father. The experiment was consisted of three phases : the acquisition phase, the first retention test conducted 30 days later, and the second retention test conducted eight months later. In each phase, the subject was presented 40-50 words to learn under the following conditions : the words consisted of only Kanji, Kanji + Kana (verb or adjective ), Katakana, and Hiragana. The results of each phase suggested that the words written by Kanji were much more easily learned than the other conditions.
Keywords: 学習 / 文字教育 / 漢字 / 保持 / ワープロ
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10069/18097
ISSN: 09160841
Type: Departmental Bulletin Paper
Text Version: publisher
Appears in Collections:Volume 2

Citable URI : http://hdl.handle.net/10069/18097

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