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施設入所成人ダウン症の精神運動機能と四肢・脊柱の変形


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Title: 施設入所成人ダウン症の精神運動機能と四肢・脊柱の変形
Other Titles: Study on psychomotor function and deformity in 16 adults with Down syndrome who were residents of institution
Authors: 木村, 勝志 / 穐山, 富太郎 / 中野, 裕之 / 熊川, 健二 / 佐野, 佳恵 / 奥村, 聡
Authors (alternative): Kimura, Katsushi / Akiyama, Tomitaro / Nakano, Hiroyuki / Kumagawa, Kenji / Sano, Yosie / Okumura, Satoshi
Issue Date: 30-Mar-1991
Citation: 長崎大学医療技術短期大学部紀要 = Bulletin of the School of Allied Medical Sciences, Nagasaki University. 1991, 4, p.39-46
Abstract: 今回我々は,施設入所中の成人ダウン症16例を精神発達,運動発達,バランス反応の面から調査した. 1 平均年齢24歳,平均知能指数22.3(中度),平均身長・体重からのローレル指数はR=178で全体的に太りすぎの分類に属した. 2 バランス反応は,三歳レベルを通過した者4名(25%)であった. 3 変形は,扁平を伴った足部変形が15名(93%)と最も多かった. 4 運動面・社会面・言語面の発達検査では言語面の発語が2歳6ヵ月と低かった.機能障害および能力障害を最小限に押さえながら,運動機能および生活能力をより高めていくには,精神運動発達の著しい乳幼児期に介入することが望ましく,早期療育の必要性が感じられた. / Study was made on psychomotor function and deformity in 16 adults with Down syndrome who were residents of institutions. 1. The mean age was 24 years, mean IQ 22.3 (moderate) and Rohrer's index calculated from the mean body height-body weight R=178. This group was obese as a whole. 2. Three-year-old level of balance reaction was passed by 4 subjects (25%). 3. The deformity of foot with flat foot was observed in 15 subjects (93%). 4. Tests on development of motor function, sociability and speech showed a low value for the speech. Early therapeutic care for Down syndrome children has been reported to be effective, and its usefulness is being discussed. It is desirable that intervention is made at the infantile stage when psychomotor development is remarkable, in order to enhance the motor function while restricting dysfunction to a minimal extent. This suggests that early therapeutic care is essential.
Keywords: ダウン症 / 縦のアーチ / 精神運動発達
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10069/18133
ISSN: 09160841
Type: Departmental Bulletin Paper
Text Version: publisher
Appears in Collections:Volume 4

Citable URI : http://hdl.handle.net/10069/18133

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