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精神発達遅滞児における変形と平衡機能-養護学校通学児童・生徒について-


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Title: 精神発達遅滞児における変形と平衡機能-養護学校通学児童・生徒について-
Other Titles: Deformity and Motor Function in Mentally Retarded Children -The school children with mental retardation-
Authors: 中野, 裕之 / 穐山, 富太郎 / 井口, 茂 / 大島, 吉英 / 吉田, 佳弘 / 沖田, 実 / 木村, 勝志 / 奥村, 聡 / 大城, 昌平
Authors (alternative): Nakano, Hiroyuki / Akiyama, Tomitarou / Inoguti, Sigeru / Osima, Yosihide / Yosida, Yosihiro / Okita, Minoru / Kimura, Katusi / Okumura, Satoshi / Oogi, Syouhei
Issue Date: 31-Mar-1992
Citation: 長崎大学医療技術短期大学部紀要 = Bulletin of the School of Allied Medical Sciences, Nagasaki University. 1992, 5, p.71-77
Abstract: 成人精神発達遅滞者の調査から不良姿勢,四肢の変形は少なくなく,平衡機能が3歳レベルに達していないものの多いことがわかった.このことから特に問題になると考えられる成長の著しい学齢期について変形の有無,平衡反応テスト,平衡応用動作,筋緊張の調査を行い検討した. 1)対象 市内養護学校通学生83例(男性62例,女性21例)で小学生43例,中学生40例である. 2)下肢,上肢,脊柱変形は56例(67.5%)にみられた. 3)平衡反応テストで6歳レベルを通過できたものはいなかった.平衡反応テスト,平衡応用動作は,学年が進むにつれ獲得点数も向上する傾向にあった. 4)変形の有り群と無し群の平衡応用動作の獲得点数に有意差が認められた. 5)平衡反応テスト,平衡応用動作と身長,体重,発達指数(DQ),筋緊張間で相関がみられた. 以上より学齢期の精神発達遅滞児の不良姿勢防止,変形の予防に平衡反応の強化が効果的な運動療法のひとつと考えられた. / It was studied on the deformities, and barance reaction in 83 mentally retarded children (meles 62 and femeles 21) who were going to the school for mental retardation children (elementary school children 43 and junior high school students 40). Results. 1) The deformity of extremities and spine were observed in 56 subjects (67.5%). 2) All of the subjects couldn't pass 6-year-old level of the balance reaction 3) As the subjects are aging, both the scores of balance test and applied balance performance increased. 4) The score of applied balance performance were not correlation between deformity's group and none deformity's group. 5) Both the scores of balance reaction test and applied balance performance were correlated with height, body weight, D. Q. and muscle tone. These resules indicate a necessity for the therapeutic exercise including reinforcement of balance reaction in the mentally retarded children.
Keywords: 精神発達遅滞児 / 変形 / 平衡反応テスト / 平衡応用動作 / 筋緊張
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10069/18157
ISSN: 09160841
Type: Departmental Bulletin Paper
Text Version: publisher
Appears in Collections:Volume 5

Citable URI : http://hdl.handle.net/10069/18157

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