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制限的用法の関係代名詞that,which-イギリス英語の場合-


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Title: 制限的用法の関係代名詞that,which-イギリス英語の場合-
Other Titles: The Restrictive Relative Pronouns That, Which, in British English
Authors: 園田, 健二
Authors (alternative): Sonoda, Kenji
Issue Date: 31-Mar-1993
Citation: 長崎大学医療技術短期大学部紀要 = Bulletin of the School of Allied Medical Sciences, Nagasaki University. 1993, 6, p.43-54
Abstract: There are roughly two objectives in this study. One is to see how the usage of the restrictive relative pronouns that, which changed from 1931 to 1991 in British English (BrE). The other is to compare these changes in BrE with those in American English (AmE) that took place over the same period of time. The data were collected from three kinds of weeklies and monthlies each from the following years :1931,1961,1971,1981 and 1991. These magazines are the ones that were published in Britain in each of these years and they total up to fifteen. In BrE, of the two restrictive pronouns, which was more often used than that from 1931 to around 1981. That replaces which around 1981,and from then on, that begins to be used more frequently than which, and in 1991 that makes up about 65 percent of all the restrictive uses in BrE. Today that is used more frequently than which in BrE in restrictive relative clauses. This gradual ascendancy of that over which in BrE over sixty years or so in restrictive use can also be applied to AmE, in which, already in 1931, that was used a little more frequently than which in restrictive clauses and the gap between that and which widens as the years go by. In AmE, that does not replace which at some point as in BrE : in AmE that keeps its ascendancy from the beginning. And while in BrE it is around 1981 that a most remarkable change takes place, in AmE it is a decade earlier : around 1971, when that makes up about 75 percent of all the restrictive uses. In 1991 that makes up about 98 percent. In present-day AmE, that is used more predominantly in restrictive relative clauses than which. This redominance of that over which is more remarkable in AmE than in BrE.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10069/18190
ISSN: 09160841
Type: Departmental Bulletin Paper
Text Version: publisher
Appears in Collections:Volume 6

Citable URI : http://hdl.handle.net/10069/18190

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