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過去10年間におけるHBs抗原・抗体保有状況-長崎大学医療技術短期大学部新入生の健康診断から-


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Title: 過去10年間におけるHBs抗原・抗体保有状況-長崎大学医療技術短期大学部新入生の健康診断から-
Other Titles: Analysis of the incidences of HBs antigen or antibodypositive students of School of Allied Medical Sciences in the past ten year
Authors: 前田, 規子 / 岡田, 純也 / 志水, 友加 / 松本, 麻里 / 大石, 和代 / 浦田, 秀子 / 石井, 伸子 / 田代, 隆良
Authors (alternative): Maeda, Noriko / Okada, Junya / Shimizu, Yuka / Matsumoto, Mari / Ohishi, Kazuyo / Urata, Hideko / Ishii, Nobuko / Tashiro, Takayoshi
Issue Date: 24-Mar-2000
Citation: 長崎大学医療技術短期大学部紀要 = Bulletin of the School of Allied Medical Sciences, Nagasaki University. 2000, 13, p.75-78
Abstract: 医療従事者だけでなく看護学生や他医療系学生も針刺し事故によるB型肝炎ウイルス感染の危険がある.私たちは,最近10年間(1990~1999)における長崎大学医療技術短期大学部学生のHBs抗原・抗体保有状況を調査した. 全体のHBs抗原・抗体保有率はそれぞれ0.70%と2.35%で,両者とも最近,減少傾向にあった.HBs抗原・抗体保有率は,看護学科,理学療法学科,作業療法学科間に有意差は無かったが,HBs抗体保有率は,専攻科助産学特別専攻において他学部より有意に高かった.HBウイルスによる感染事故を予防するため,本年度はHBs抗体陰性者に対してHBワクチン接種を施行した. / Not only medical staffs but also nursing and other medicine-related students have risks of infection with HB virus by needlestick injuries. We have analyzed the positive rates of HBs antigens or HBs antibodies of all students of the School of Allied Medical Sciences, Nagasaki University, in the past ten years (1990-1999). It was revealed that overall positive rates of serum HBs antigen and HBs antibody were 0.70% and 2.35% , respectively, and both of which have been decreasing in recent years. There were no significant differences of the positive rates of HBs antigen and HBs antibody among the students of nursing, physical therapy and occupational therapy courses. However, HBs antibody positive rate of students of midwifery course was significantly higher than those of other three courses. In order to prevent infection with HB virus, the students negative for HBs antibody were vaccinated in 1999.
Keywords: 針刺し事故 / 感染防止 / HBs抗原 / HBs抗体
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10069/18315
ISSN: 09160841
Type: Departmental Bulletin Paper
Text Version: publisher
Appears in Collections:Volume 13

Citable URI : http://hdl.handle.net/10069/18315

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