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Obesity and Cardiovascular Risk Factors among Men and Women Aged 40 Years and Older in a Rural Area of Japan

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Title: Obesity and Cardiovascular Risk Factors among Men and Women Aged 40 Years and Older in a Rural Area of Japan
Authors: Aoyagi, Kiyoshi / Kusano, Yosuke / Takamura, Noboru / Abe, Yasuyo / Osaki, Makoto / Une, Hiroshi
Issue Date: Nov-2006
Publisher: 日本生理人類学会
Citation: Journal of physiological anthropology. 2006, 25(6), p.371-375
Abstract: Obesity is one of the most common health problems, and is recognized worldwide as an "escalating epidemic." For the establishment of an obesity-prevention strategy in Japan, it is important to assess the association between obesity and cardiovascular risk factors. Therefore, we conducted anthropometric measures of obesity and investigated the association of obesity with cardiovascular risk factors such as hypertension, diabetes, and dyslipidemia among community-dwelling men (N=85) and women (N=173) aged 40 years and older. Height, weight, and waist circumference (WC) were measured, and body mass index (BMI) was calculated. Subjects with a BMI≥25kg/m^2 were considered obese (BMI obesity), while men with a WC≥85cm and women with a WC≥90cm were classified as obese (WC obesity). In the present study, we defined 'obesity' as a BMI≥25kg/m^2 or a WC≥85cm for men, and a BMI≥25kg/m^2 or a WC≥90cm for women. The results of an age- and sex-adjusted logistic regression analysis indicated that BMI obesity was associated with dyslipidemia (p=0.04), WC obesity was associated with dyslipidemia (p=0.07), and 'obesity' was associated with diabetes (p=0.06) and dyslipidemia (p=0.01). These results emphasize the importance of preventing obesity in Japan. Therefore, healthcare professionals should measure BMI and WC in order to enhance their assessment of cardiovascular risk.
Keywords: obesity / body mass index / waist circumference / hypertension / diabetes / dyslipidemia / Japanese
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10069/19173
ISSN: 18806791
Relational Links: http://ci.nii.ac.jp/naid/110006200723/
Rights: 日本生理人類学会 / 本文データは学協会の許諾に基づきCiNiiから複製したものである
Type: Journal Article
Text Version: publisher
Appears in Collections:Articles in academic journal

Citable URI : http://hdl.handle.net/10069/19173

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