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Physique, Body Composition and Maximum Oxygen Consumption of Selected Soccer Players of Kunimi High School, Nagasaki, Japan


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Title: Physique, Body Composition and Maximum Oxygen Consumption of Selected Soccer Players of Kunimi High School, Nagasaki, Japan
Authors: Tahara, Yasuaki / Moji, Kazuhiko / Tsunawake, Noriaki / Fukuda, Rika / Nakayama, Masao / Nakagaichi, Masaki / Komine, Tadatoshi / Kusano, Yosuke / Aoyagi, Kiyoshi
Issue Date: Jul-2006
Publisher: 日本生理人類学会
Citation: Journal of physiological anthropology, 25(4), pp.291-297; 2006
Abstract: This study evaluates the physical and physiological ability of selected soccer players of Kunimi High School in Nagasaki Prefecture, Japan. The Kunimi team is famous for its intensive training, and had won the championship of the All Japan High School Soccer Tournament six times by 2003. We measured physique, body composition, and maximal oxygen uptake of 72 members aged between 16 and 18 years old between 1986 and 1994. They consisted of 66 outfield players (12 forward players, 23 midfielders, 31 defenders) and 6 goalkeepers. Body density was measured by the under-water weighing method, and Brozek's equation was applied to calculate percentage body fat (%Fat, %), fat-free mass (FFM, kg), FFM/height (FFM/Ht, kg・m^<-1>), and FFM index (FFM/Ht^3, kg・m^<-3>). The following results were obtained: 1. The average of 66 outfield players was 172.7cm of height, 64.6kg of weight, 54.0cm of girth of thigh, and 90.0cm of girth of hip, 9.3% of %Fat, 58.6kg of FFM, 33.9kg・m^<-1> of FFM/Ht and 113.8kg・m^<-3> of FFM index. The mean vital capacity was 4.25L and total lung capacity was 5.58L. The mean maximal ventilation was 138.7L・min^<-1>, VO_2max was 3.95L・min^<-1>, and VO_2max/Wt was 61.4ml・kg^<-1>・min^<-1>. 2. Goalkeepers were taller and heavier than outfielders, and had a smaller mean value of VO_2max/Wt than outfielders (p<0.01). 3. For 23 out of the 72 players measured twice with an interval of about one year, FFM increased and %Fat reduced significantly, while V_Emax, VO_2max and VO_2max/Wt did not change. Kunimi players of the present study had as large a VO_2max/Wt as local players, and a similar or slightly smaller VO_2max/Wt than national-level players. They had similar %Fat and a similar VO_2max/Wt with professional soccer players in England (Davis et al., 1992) while they had much smaller physiques.
Keywords: body composition / fat-free mass (FFM) / maximum oxygen uptake (VO_2max) / soccer (football)
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10069/20906
ISSN: 18806791
DOI: 10.2114/jpa2.25.291
Relational Links: http://ci.nii.ac.jp/naid/110004751595/
Rights: 日本生理人類学会 = Japan Society of Physiological Anthropology / 本文データは学協会の許諾に基づきCiNiiから複製したものである
Type: Journal Article
Text Version: publisher
Appears in Collections:Articles in academic journal

Citable URI : http://hdl.handle.net/10069/20906

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