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Title: 精神運動発達遅滯児の早期療育効果
Authors: 穐山, 富太郎 / 川口, 幸義 / 山口, 和正
Authors (alternative): Akiyama, Tomitaro / Kawaguchi, Yukiyoshi / Yamaguchi, Kazumasa
Issue Date: 18-Jan-1986
Publisher: 社団法人日本リハビリテーション医学会
Citation: リハビリテーション医学. 1986, 23(1), p.39339
Abstract: 精神遅滞児の症状は発達初期において行動発達遅滞としてとらえることができる.精神遅滞児43名について早期から理学療法, 作業療法, スポーツ療法を実施するとともに行動学的アプローチを重視した生活指導を行い, 早期療育の有効性を検討した.生後6ヵ月未満で療育開始したAグループ, 6ヵ月以後から療育開始したBグループとも, 統計学的な有意差をもって療育効果を認めた.Bグループのうち2年以上療育を継続した18例については, 全体の平均発達率では療育前後に有意差がなかったが, 自己・社会性の発達率では1%の有意水準で有意差をもって療育効果を認めた.精神遅滞児に対する早期療育の意義とその有効性について考察を加えた. / Early habilitation was performed on 43 children with mental retardation and its effects were reviewed.As the methods, weekly physiotherapy and operant therapy added with semi-monthly sports therapy were employed. Moreover, the children were directed towards the establishment of life rhuthm encouraging mixed education with mormal children at nursery schools.The development was evaluated by our own behavior scale and Denver's development scale.Effects of early habilitation with statistical significance were observed in both group A of habilitation commenced within 6 months after birth and group B of habilitation commenced beyond 6 months after birth.As to the 18 cases of group B with more than 2 years of habilitation, the mean total development rate showed no significant difference before and after the habilitation, but the development rate in self-control and sociability was improved at a significant level of 1%.The abnormal behaviors in children with mental retardation could not be prevented like spasm, unvoluntary motion and ataxia in children with cerebral palsy cannot. However, proper assistance to handicapped children by early habilitation made it easier for them to pass through the appointments with behavioral development enabling them to elevate their capability of social life.Discussion was made on the significance and effectiveness of early habilitation for children with mental retardation.
Keywords: 精神遅滞児 / 早期療育
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10069/21690
ISSN: 0034351X
Relational Links: http://ci.nii.ac.jp/naid/110001858135/
Rights: 社団法人日本リハビリテーション医学会 / 本文データは学協会の許諾に基づきCiNiiから複製したものである
Type: Journal Article
Text Version: publisher
Appears in Collections:Articles in academic journal

Citable URI : http://hdl.handle.net/10069/21690

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