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Serological Characterization of Streptococcus iniae Strains Isolated from Cultured Fish in Japan

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Title: Serological Characterization of Streptococcus iniae Strains Isolated from Cultured Fish in Japan
Other Titles: 病魚由来 Streptococcus iniae の血清学的性状
Authors: Kanai, Kinya / Notohara, Masakazu / Kato, Tatsuo / Shutou, Kimihiro / Yoshikoshi, Kazuma
Authors (alternative): 金井, 欣也 / 能登原, 正一 / 加藤, 達夫 / 首藤, 公宏 / 吉越, 一馬
Issue Date: 15-Jun-2006
Publisher: 日本魚病学会 / The Japanese Society of Fish Pathology
Citation: 魚病研究 = Fish Pathology 41(2) pp.57-66; 2006
Abstract: ヒラメ由来株を主体とした日本の病魚由来Streptococcus iniae の血清学的性状を検討した。供試菌株は抗S. iniae ウサギ血清との凝集性により, 2つのタイプに分かれ, それは莢膜の有無に依存していた。両タイプ (K+およびK-タイプ) の菌体オートクレーブ抽出物には共通抗原が検出され, K+タイプにはさらに型特異抗原が確認された。K+タイプは莢膜を保有し, ヒラメに対して強い毒力を示した。一方, K-タイプには型抗原や莢膜が認められず, 毒力も弱かった。 / Streptococcus iniae is known as an important marine and freshwater fish pathogen worldwide. In this paper, we characterized two serological phenotypes in Japanese S. iniae isolates, mainly from Japanese flounder Paralichthys olivaceus. The two phenotypes, designated K+ and K-, were distinguished by the presence or absence of capsule. K- cells agglutinated both with anti-K- and K+ type sera, whereas K+ cells agglutinated only with anti-K+ type serum. These two types were indistinguishable by any ordinary biological or biochemical characterization tests. Immunodiffusion test demonstrated the common antigens and a K+ type-specific antigen in the autoclave-extracts of cells. Capsule was observed on the K+ cells, from which acidic polysaccharides were detected. Strains of K+ type were virulent for Japanese flounder, whereas those of K- type were avirulent. There is a direct relationship between the serological phenotypes and the existence of capsule in S. iniae with link to its virulence.
Keywords: Streptococcus iniae / serological phenotype / capsule / virulence / Paralichthys olivaceus / Japanese flounder
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10069/21951
ISSN: 0388788X
DOI: 10.3147/jsfp.41.57
Rights: Copyright (c) 2006 The Japanese Society of Fish Pathology
Type: Journal Article
Text Version: publisher
Appears in Collections:Articles in academic journal

Citable URI : http://hdl.handle.net/10069/21951

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