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ポンペの解剖学教育


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Title: ポンペの解剖学教育
Other Titles: Education in anatomy initiated by Pompe van Meerdervoort
Authors: 小路, 武彦 / 相川, 忠臣
Authors (alternative): Koji, Takehiko / Aikawa, Tadaomi
Issue Date: Dec-2008
Publisher: 日本解剖学会
Citation: 解剖学雑誌 = Kaibogaku Zasshi, 83(4) pp.101-104; 2008
Abstract: ボンベ・ファン・メールデルフォールトは, 1857年9月21日に長崎港に到着し, 同年11月12日に松本良順以下12名の医師に対し日本で初めての近代西洋医学教育を長崎西役所にて開始した. ボンベの講義体系は, 基本的には1841年以後に改組されたユトレヒト陸軍軍医学校のカリキュラムに従ったものであり, 理論と実践のバランスを重視するものであった. 中でも, 当時の最先端医学であった解剖学の比重は重く, 1857年から1859年末に掛けて2年間, それも火, 木, 土の午前中を充てていた. 講義ノートは, ドイツの解剖学者C.E.Bockの著書をP.H.Poolが蘭訳したHandboek der Ontleedkunde van den Mensch に準拠するものであり, 現存する講義ノートは弟子達によって筆写されたものである. 当時の欧州では顕微鏡の発達により組織学が一つの学問体系となっており, その詳細が講義され, 随所にポンベの西洋医学教育導入に於ける解剖学重視の姿勢が伺える. / Pompe van Meerdervoort arrived at Nagasaki port on September 21, 1857 and started his western-style medical education for the first time in the Nishiyakusho of Nagasaki on November 12, 1857. He had 12 students including Ryojun Matsumono. The curriculum was largely based on that of Utrecht Army Medical School, which was re-organized after 1841 and very good in balance of theory and practice. Among subjects, much attention was paid for Anatomy which was quite advancing at the time and in fact the lecture was given on every Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday morning from 1857 to the end of 1859. His lecture note on Anatomy was based on Handboek der Ontleedkunde van den Mensch originally written by C. E. Bock, which was translated into Dutch by P. H. Pool. The note currently available is a copy by the students. In Europe of those days, microscopes were developed and "Histology" had been established as a new science. Therefore, his lecture contained details of histological findings and now we can appreciate his policy to think much of Anatomy in the introduction of western-style medical education.
Keywords: ポンペ・ファン・メールデルフォールト / 西洋医学教育 / 講義ノート / 長崎西役所 / 解剖学 / Pompe van Meerdervoort / western-style medical education / lecture note / Nagasaki Nishiyakusho / anatomy
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10069/21953
ISSN: 00227722
PubMed ID: 19108484
Type: Journal Article
Text Version: publisher
Appears in Collections:Articles in academic journal

Citable URI : http://hdl.handle.net/10069/21953

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