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Interleukin-6 Expression on the Biliary Epithelia During Inflammation-Associated Biliary Carcinogenesis in Bilioenterostomized Hamsters.


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Title: Interleukin-6 Expression on the Biliary Epithelia During Inflammation-Associated Biliary Carcinogenesis in Bilioenterostomized Hamsters.
Authors: Kitajima, Tomoo / Tajima, Yoshitsugu / Kuroki, Tamotsu / Tsuneoka, Noritsugu / Adachi, Tomohiko / Kanematsu, Takashi
Issue Date: Jul-2010
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: The Journal of surgical research, 162(1), pp.54-58; 2010
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Chronic inflammatory conditions of the biliary tree strongly predispose patients to biliary carcinoma. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of interleukin-6 (IL-6) expression during biliary carcinogenesis in bilioenterostomized hamsters. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Syrian hamsters were subjected to either a choledochoduodenostomy (CD, n=11) or a simple laparotomy (SL, n=10) and then received N-nitrosobis(2-oxopropyl)amine (BOP) treatment. The animals were sacrificed 20 wk after surgery and the development of biliary carcinoma, the presence and degree of cholangitis, and IL-6 expression on the biliary epithelia were examined histologically. RESULTS: In the CD group, eight hamsters (73%) demonstrated persistent cholangitis and six (55%) of them developed intrahepatic biliary carcinoma, while no hamster without cholangitis showed any biliary carcinoma. In the SL group, cholangitis was recognized in four hamsters (40%) and no development of biliary carcinoma was identified. A significantly high incidence of tumor development (P=0.024) and a close correlation between the presence of cholangitis and the occurrence of biliary carcinoma (P =0.013) were thus evident in the CD group. Moreover, the degree of cholangitis was significantly higher in the CD hamsters (P=0.041) and an IL-6 overexpression was identified in five hamsters that had undergone a CD, with a scattered expression on the intra- and extrahepatic biliary epithelia. Despite the fact that the induced biliary carcinomas showed a multicentric occurrence in the liver, these tumors originated from within the restricted area where IL-6 was expressed. CONCLUSIONS: A deregulated IL-6 overexpression on the biliary epithelia may therefore be involved in inflammation-associated biliary carcinogenesis in hamsters that have undergone a bilioenterostomy.
Keywords: biliary carcinoma / interleukin-6 / cholangitis / hamster
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10069/22143
ISSN: 00224804
DOI: 10.1016/j.jss.2009.03.026
PubMed ID: 19555978
Rights: Copyright © 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Type: Journal Article
Text Version: author
Appears in Collections:Articles in academic journal

Citable URI : http://hdl.handle.net/10069/22143

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