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Analysis of hip geometry by clinical CT for the assessment of hip fracture risk in elderly Japanese women.


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Title: Analysis of hip geometry by clinical CT for the assessment of hip fracture risk in elderly Japanese women.
Authors: Ito, Masako / Wakao, Norimitsu / Hida, Tetsuro / Matsui, Yasumoto / Abe, Yasue / Aoyagi, Kiyoshi / Uetani, Masataka / Harada, Atsushi
Issue Date: Feb-2010
Publisher: Elsevier Inc
Citation: Bone, 46(2), pp.453-457; 2010
Abstract: Two case-control studies were designed to investigate the contribution of the geometry and bone mineral density (BMD) of the proximal femur to bone strength in Japanese elderly women. We also investigated whether clinical CT is useful to assess the risk of hip fracture. Subjects in the neck fracture study included 20 Japanese women with neck fracture (age: mean+/-SD; 80.1+/-4.5 years old) and 20 age-matched control women (79.2+/-2.6 years old). Subjects in the trochanteric fracture study included 16 Japanese women with trochanteric fracture (82.6+/-5.0 years old) and 16 age-matched control women (80.8+/-3.8 years old). CT examination of the proximal femur was performed between the date of admission and the date of surgery. The CT scanners used were an Aquillion 16 (Toshiba) and Somatom 64 (Siemens); the scanning conditions including spatial resolution and scanning energy were adjusted, and the same type of reference phantom containing hydroxyapatite was used. QCT PRO software (Mindways) was used to analyze data for BMD, geometry, and biomechanical parameters. Both the neck and trochanteric fracture cases had significantly lower total and cortical BMD, a significantly smaller cortical cross-sectional area (CSA), and a larger trabecular CSA. Both had significantly thinner cortex and smaller distance to center of bone mass, and women with trochanteric fracture had a significantly smaller cortical perimeter in the cross-sectional femoral neck. Women with neck fracture had a longer hip axis length (HAL) and women with trochanteric fracture had a significantly larger neck-shaft angle (NSA). Both groups had significantly lower cross-sectional moment of inertia (CSMI), and only women with neck fracture had a significantly higher buckling ratio (BR) compared to their respective controls. According to the multiple logistic regression analysis, women with neck fracture had a significantly longer HAL, lower CSMI, and higher BR, and women with trochanteric fracture had a significantly smaller cortical CSA of the femoral neck. We conclude that clinical CT may be useful for the assessment of the risk of neck and trochanteric fracture.
Keywords: Bone mineral density (BMD) / Computed tomography (CT) / Hip fracture / Hip geometry / Osteoporosis
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10069/22256
ISSN: 87563282
DOI: 10.1016/j.bone.2009.08.059
PubMed ID: 19735752
Rights: Copyright © 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Type: Journal Article
Text Version: author
Appears in Collections:Articles in academic journal

Citable URI : http://hdl.handle.net/10069/22256

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