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Highly stomach-selective gene transfer following gastric serosal surface instillation of naked plasmid DNA in rats.


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Title: Highly stomach-selective gene transfer following gastric serosal surface instillation of naked plasmid DNA in rats.
Authors: Nishi, Junya / Fumoto, Shintaro / Ishii, Hiroki / Kodama, Yukinobu / Nakashima, Mikiro / Sasaki, Hitoshi / Nakamura, Junzo / Nishida, Koyo
Issue Date: Dec-2008
Publisher: Springer Japan
Citation: Journal of gastroenterology, 43(12), pp.912-919; 2008
Abstract: BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to achieve stomach-selective gene transfer in rats by our simple and novel administration method, which is gastric serosal surface instillation of naked plasmid DNA (pDNA). METHODS: Naked pDNA encoding firefly luciferase as a reporter gene was instilled onto the gastric serosal surface in male Wistar rats. As controls, we performed intraperitoneal, intragastric and intravenous administration of naked pDNA. At appropriate time intervals, we measured luciferase activities in the stomach and other tissues. RESULTS: Gene expression in the stomach 6 h after gastric serosal surface instillation of naked pDNA (5 microg) was significantly higher than that after using other administration methods. The present study is the first report on stomach-selective gene transfer following instillation of naked pDNA onto the gastric serosal surface in rats. Also, the gene expression level in the stomach 6 h after gastric serosal surface instillation of naked pDNA was markedly higher than that in other tissues. In a dose-dependent study, the gene expression level was saturated over 5 microg. Gene expression in the stomach was detected 3 h after gastric serosal surface instillation of naked pDNA. The gene expression level peaked 12-24 h after instillation of naked pDNA, then decreased to a level similar to 3 h at 48 h. CONCLUSIONS: Gastric serosal surface in stillation of naked pDNA can be a highly stomach-selective gene transfer method in rats.
Keywords: Gene delivery / Naked plasmid DNA / Rat / Stomach / Targeting
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10069/22669
ISSN: 09441174
DOI: 10.1007/s00535-008-2301-7
PubMed ID: 19107334
Rights: © Springer Japan 2008. / The original publication is available at www.springerlink.com
Type: Journal Article
Text Version: author
Appears in Collections:Articles in academic journal

Citable URI : http://hdl.handle.net/10069/22669

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