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Disulfide-mediated apoptosis of human T-lymphotrophc virus type-I (HTLV-I)-infected cells in patients with HTLV-I-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis.

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Title: Disulfide-mediated apoptosis of human T-lymphotrophc virus type-I (HTLV-I)-infected cells in patients with HTLV-I-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis.
Authors: Nishiura, Yoshihiro / Nakamura, Tatsufumi / Fukushima, Naomi / Nakamura, Hideki / Ida, Hiroaki / Aramaki, Toshiyuki / Eguchi, Katsumi
Issue Date: 2009
Publisher: International Medical Press
Citation: Antiviral therapy, 14(4), pp.533-542; 2009
Abstract: BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to construct a basis for a therapeutic strategy against human T-lymphotropic virus type-I (HTLV-I)-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP) using a compound that contained a disulfide moiety, prosultiamine, which is a homologue of allithiamine originally synthesized by allicin and thiamine-thiol, for the targeting of HTLV-I-infected cells. METHODS: First, we analysed the apoptotic pathway in allicin or prosultiamine treatment against an HTLV-I-infected T-cell line (HCT-1), derived from an HAM/TSP patient, by flow cytometry and western blot. Second, we evaluated the effect of targeting HTLV-I-infected cells in a prosultiamine in vitro treatment and in a clinical trial in HAM/TSP patients by quantitative PCR analysis of HTLV-I proviral load. RESULTS: Prosultiamine, like allicin, induced caspase-dependent apoptosis against HCT-1 cells. The fact that the loss of mitochondrial membrane potential was recovered in z-VAD-fmk-pretreated HCT-1 cells with prosultiamine treatment suggested that prosultiamine can induce caspase-dependent apoptosis through the mitochondrial pathway. On the basis of data showing that prosultiamine in vitro treatment against peripheral blood CD4(+) T-cells of HAM/TSP patients induced a significant decrease of HTLV-I proviral copy numbers by apoptosis of HTLV-I-infected cells, we treated six HAM/TSP patients with intravenous administration of prosultiamine for 14 days. As a result of this treatment, the copy numbers of HTLV-I provirus in peripheral blood decreased to approximately 30-50% of their pretreatment levels with some clinical benefits in all patients. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that prosultiamine has the potential to be a new therapeutic tool that targets HTLV-I-infected cells in HAM/TSP.
Keywords: HTLV-I / HAM/TSP / Treatment / Apoptosis / Disulfide moiety / Prosultiamine
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10069/22715
ISSN: 13596535
PubMed ID: 19578238
Rights: © 2009 International Medical Press. / This is the author’s version of a work accepted for publication by International Medical Press. Changes resulting from the publishing process, including peer review, editing and formatting, might not be reflected in this document. A definitive version was published in Antiviral Therapy, (Vol No14, Issue No4), 2009, ©2009 International Medical Press.
Type: Journal Article
Text Version: author
Appears in Collections:Articles in academic journal

Citable URI : http://hdl.handle.net/10069/22715

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