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Low Expression of T-cell Co-stimulatory Molecules in Bone Marrow-Derived Dendritic Cells in a Mouse Model of Chronic Respiratory Infection with Pseudomonas Aeruginosa


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Title: Low Expression of T-cell Co-stimulatory Molecules in Bone Marrow-Derived Dendritic Cells in a Mouse Model of Chronic Respiratory Infection with Pseudomonas Aeruginosa
Authors: Mukae, Hiroshi / Urabe, Kanako / Yanagihara, Katsunori / Ishimoto, Hiroshi / Sakamoto, Noriho / Ishii, Hiroshi / Nakayama, Seiko / Ishimatsu, Yuji / Abe, Koh / Shirai, Ryo / Kohno, Shigeru
Issue Date: Jan-2010
Publisher: Tohoku University Medical Press
Citation: The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine, 220(1), pp.59-65; 2010
Abstract: Pseudomonas (P.) aeruginosa frequently colonizes the respiratory tract of patients with chronic respiratory tract infections such as diffuse panbronchiolitis (DPB). The number of dendritic cells (DC5) that play a central role in immune functions as antigen-presenting cells is reportedly increased in the bronchiolar tissues of patients with DPB. However, the functions of DCs in chronic P. aeruginosa respiratory tract infection have not been defined. Here, we assessed the functions of DCs and the effect of macrolide antibiotics that are therapeutic agents for DPB, in a murine model of DPB caused by P. aeruginosa. Mice were intubated with either P. aeruginosa- or saline-precoated tubes for 80 days. Thereafter, the expression of T-cell co-stimulatory molecules (CD40, CD80, and CD86) and cytokine secretion (interleukin (IL)-i 0, IL-6, IL-12p40, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-a) on bone marrow-derived DCs stimulated by lipopolysaccharide were examined by flow cytometry and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. The expression of co-stimulatory molecules was significantly decreased in mice infected with P. aeruginosa compared to the saline-treated control mice, but production of these cytokines did not significantly differ between the two groups. Pretreatment with clarithromycin ex vivo decreased CD4O expression on DCs obtained from P. aeruginosa-infected mice and also decreased the production of IL-6, IL-i 2p40 and TNF-a by DCs. These findings suggest that chronic P. aeruginosa infection alters DC functions and that macrolides function as anti-inflammatory agents by modulating the functions of DCs in chronic P. aeruginosa infection.
Keywords: Bone marrow-derived dendritic cells / Chronic respiratory tract infection / Co-stimulatory molecules / Cytokines / Macrolides
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10069/22955
ISSN: 00408727
DOI: 10.1620/tjem.220.59
Rights: © 2010 Tohoku University Medical Press.
Type: Journal Article
Text Version: publisher
Appears in Collections:Articles in academic journal

Citable URI : http://hdl.handle.net/10069/22955

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