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外来に通院している血液疾患患者のQOLとその関連要因


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Title: 外来に通院している血液疾患患者のQOLとその関連要因
Other Titles: Factors associated with quality of life in outpatients with hematological diseases
Authors: 竹嶋, 順平 / 楠葉, 洋子 / 浦田, 秀子
Authors (alternative): Takeshima, Junpei / Kusuba, Yoko / Urata, Hideko
Issue Date: Dec-2009
Publisher: 長崎大学 / Nagasaki University
Citation: 保健学研究, vol.22(1), pp.9-15; 2009
Abstract: 本研究の目的は, 外来に通院している血液疾患患者のQOLに関連する要因を明らかにすることである. 長崎県における2つの病院の血液内科外来に通院している70名を対象としてMedical Outcome Study Short-Form 36 Item Health Survey(SF36)および自己効力感尺度などを用い質問紙調査を行った. その結果, SF36の全ての下位尺度の平均得点は国民平均値より低かった. また, 全ての下位尺度の平均得点は自己効力感得点と有意な正の相関関係があった. 居住人数が多いほど社会生活機能の得点が低く, 通院回数が多いほど, 日常役割機能(身体および精神)や全体的健康観の得点が低かった. QOL向上を目指した看護実践において, 生活環境や通院状況に配慮し, 自己効力感を高める支援が必要である. / The purpose of this study is to identify factors that are associated with quality of life( QOL)of outpatients with hematological diseases. Seventy outpatients recruited at hematology department of two hospitals in Nagasaki were administered with various measures including the MOS Short Form 36- Item Health Survey( SF-36) and the Generalized Self-efficacy Scale( SE scale). In every SF-36 scale, the outpatients with hematological diseases scored lower than the national average. Their SF-36 scale scores were positively associated with their SE score. The greater the number of cohabiters was, the lower social functioning the subjects exhibited. The greater the number of outpatient visits was, the lower activity of daily life functioning( role physical and role emotional) and general health the subjects exhibited. Our findings point out the importance for nurses to pay attention to the patient's living and hospital visit circumstances and foster their self-efficacy in order to improve their quality of life.
Keywords: QOL / 自己効力感 / 外来通院 / 血液疾患 / quality of life / Self-efficacy / outpatients / hematological diseases
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10069/23153
ISSN: 18814441
Type: Departmental Bulletin Paper
Text Version: publisher
Appears in Collections:Volume 22, No. 1

Citable URI : http://hdl.handle.net/10069/23153

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