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Relationship among human papillomavirus infection, p16INK4a, p53 and NF-κB activation in penile cancer from northern Thailand

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Title: Relationship among human papillomavirus infection, p16INK4a, p53 and NF-κB activation in penile cancer from northern Thailand
Authors: Senba, Masachika / Mori, Naoki / Fujita, Shuichi / Jutavijittum, Prapan / Yousukh, Amnat / Toriyama, Kan / Wada, Akihiro
Issue Date: 3-Jun-2010
Publisher: Spandidos Publications Ltd.
Citation: Oncology Letters, 1(4), pp.599-603; 2010
Abstract: Human papillomavirus (HPV) E6 and E7 onco-proteins are essential factors for HPV oncogenesis. These E6 and E7 gene products play a central role in the induction of malignant transformation by interacting with several cellular regulatory proteins such as p16INK4a, p53 and nuclear factor κB (NF-κB). In the present study, conducted in northern Thailand, HPV-DNA was detected in penile cancer cases using an in situ hybridization procedure and p16INK4a, p53 and NF-κB were detected by immunohistochemistry. Using the cell cycle regulatory proteins p16INK4a (61.5%) and p53 (71.8%), it was found that of the 51 cases, 39 (76.5%) were HPV-DNA-positive in penile cancer. On the other hand, 25% p16INK4a and 75% p53, respectively, were found in HPV-negative cases. Prevalence of HPV infection (76.5%) was shown in penile cancer cases in northern Thailand. No difference was found between HPV-positive and HPV-negative cases with respect to the presence of the cell cycle regulatory protein p53. On the other hand, p16INK4a was found to be different between HPV-positive and HPV-negative cases. Inactivation of tumor suppressor genes, such as p16INK4a and p53, to genetic instability, cell immortalization, accumulation of mutations and cancer formation, with or without HPV and irrespective of HPV infection, is therefore suggested. Of the 39 HPV-positive cases, 35 (89.7%) were NF-κB-positive in the nucleus, 29 (74.4%) in the cytoplasm and 37 (94.9%) in the nucleus and/or cytoplasm. NF-κB was detected in 4 (33.3%) of the 12 HPV-negative cases. Therefore, we propose that penile cancer cases with HPV infection are more likely to activate NF-κB than those without HPV infection.
Keywords: Human papillomavirus / NF-κB / P16INK4a / P53 / Penile cancer
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10069/25440
ISSN: 17921074
DOI: 10.3892/ol_00000106
Type: Journal Article
Text Version: publisher
Appears in Collections:Articles in academic journal

Citable URI : http://hdl.handle.net/10069/25440

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