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社会的正義論における合理性,善および法


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Title: 社会的正義論における合理性,善および法
Other Titles: Rationality, Goodness and Law in the Theory of Social Justice
Authors: 菅原, 晴之
Authors (alternative): Sugawara, Haruyuki
Issue Date: Mar-1985
Publisher: 長崎大学経済学部 / Faculty of Economis, Nagasaki University
Citation: 経済学部研究年報, 1, pp.21-39; 1985
Abstract: Since the beginning of the modern economic growth as the epoch,utilitarianism has been in full flourishing which has long been the main stream of the moral philosophy,corresponding to the traditional flourishing economics. Utilitarianism,however, is a theory of centralized law independent of a theory of justice. In what follows we would like to review a new trend in value theories,which gives rise to the restoration of a theory of justice, caused by John Rawls' A Theory of Justice. The first section is an introductory review in which we insist on the fact that the market, morality and law were dependent for each other in the years of Adam Smith and on the reason why utilitarianism has occupied overwhelming superiority in the social philosophy. The second heading is that we divide the traditional theory of law into the three streams and shed light upon the type of theories from the viewpoint of justice. Hayek's critical points to the traditional utilitarianism are that the latter justifies the social policies because the summations of utilities of all the members of society is maximized and that utilitarians are constructivists. The latter point is more important. The third section is the Hayek's theory of law, which is against to the utilitarians' law seperated from morality because of centralization and inefficiency of in formation. His features of law also resembles to the complex of rights and obligations in the sense of Rawls. The fourth is the theory of goodness, pioneered by G.E. Moore. The theory has been controverted among those as Moore, Hare and Sidgwick, Rawls. We summerized Moore's and Rawls' propositions and claims the incompleteness of the goodness in the system of Hayek's Great Society.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10069/26109
ISSN: 09108602
Type: Departmental Bulletin Paper
Text Version: publisher
Appears in Collections:Volume 1

Citable URI : http://hdl.handle.net/10069/26109

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