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Clinical Characteristics of Tertiary Hospital Patients from Whom Acinetobacter calcoaceticus-Acinetobacter baumannii Complex Strains were Isolated

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Title: Clinical Characteristics of Tertiary Hospital Patients from Whom Acinetobacter calcoaceticus-Acinetobacter baumannii Complex Strains were Isolated
Authors: Yamada, Koichi / Yanagihara, Katsunori / Araki, Nobuko / Harada, Yosuke / Morinaga, Yoshitomo / Akamatsu, Norihiko / Matsuda, Junichi / Izumikawa, Koichi / Kakeya, Hiroshi / Yamamoto, Yoshihiro / Hasegawa, Hiroo / Kohno, Shigeru / Kamihira, Shimeru
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2012
Publisher: The Japanese Society of Internal Medicine / 日本内科学会
Citation: Internal Medicine, 51(1), pp.51-57; 2012
Abstract: Objective Acinetobacter baumannii is a worldwide nosocomial pathogen that has become increasingly common over the past few decades, and strains of multidrug-resistant A. baumannii have been increasing. The aim of this study was to assess the clinical characteristics of A. calcoaceticus-A. baumannii complex (Acb complex) strains and to determine the risk factors of this infection. Methods The medical records of 121 patients at Nagasaki University Hospital from whom Acb complex had been isolated between January 2007 and December 2009 were retrospectively reviewed. Patient backgrounds, sensitivity to antibiotics, risk factors for infection, and prognosis were evaluated. Results Lower respiratory isolates accounted for 73% (147 strains) of all 201 isolates. Most of the isolates were sensitive to carbapenems. Of the 121 patients (74 males and 47 females; mean age: 62.1 years), 48 (39.7%) had malignancy and 75 (62.0%) were treated with antibiotics prior to isolation. Thirty-seven of the patients in this study (30.6%) were infected by Acb complex and the most frequent clinical manifestation was pneumonia (18 cases; 48.6%). Approximately 60% of infected patients were treated with β-lactam agent in combination with β-lactamase inhibitors or carbapenems. The mortality rate of infected patients was significantly higher than that of colonized patients (infected: 24.3%, colonized: 6.0%, p<0.05). Risk factors for Acb complex infection include being over 60 years of age, chronic liver disease, and the use of firstgeneration cephalosporins prior to isolation. Conclusion Acb complex was relatively sensitive to antibiotics. The appropriate usage of antibiotics should be continued for the prevention of drug resistance in Acb complex.
Keywords: Acinetobacter baumannii / Antibiotics / Pneumonia / Risk factor
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10069/27320
ISSN: 09182918
DOI: 10.2169/internalmedicine.51.6018
Rights: © 2012 The Japanese Society of Internal Medicine.
Type: Journal Article
Text Version: publisher
Appears in Collections:Articles in academic journal

Citable URI : http://hdl.handle.net/10069/27320

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