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Predators of Anopheles gambiae sensu lato (Diptera: Culicidae) larvae in Wetlands, Western Kenya: Confirmation by polymerase chain reaction method


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Title: Predators of Anopheles gambiae sensu lato (Diptera: Culicidae) larvae in Wetlands, Western Kenya: Confirmation by polymerase chain reaction method
Authors: Ohba, Shin-ya / Kawada, Hitoshi / Dida, Gabriel O. / Juma, Duncan / Sonye, Gorge / Minakawa, Noboru / Takagi, Masahiro
Issue Date: Sep-2010
Publisher: Entomological Society of America
Citation: Journal of Medical Entomology, 47(5), pp.783-787; 2010
Abstract: Polymerase chain reaction analysis was performed to determine whether mosquito predators in wetland habitats feed on Anopheles gambiae sensu lato (s.l.) larvae. Aquatic mosquito predators were collected from six wetlands near Lake Victoria in Mbita, Western Kenya. This study revealed that the whole positive rate of An. gambiae s.l. from 330 predators was 54.2%. The order of positive rate was the highest in Odonata (70.2%), followed by Hemiptera (62.8%), Amphibia (41.7%), and Coleoptera (18%). This study demonstrates that the polymerase chain reaction method can determine whether aquatic mosquito predators feed on An. gambiae s.l. larvae if the predators have undigested An. gambiae s.l. in their midgut or stomach.
Keywords: Anura / aquatic insect / Coleoptera / Hemiptera / Odonata
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10069/27431
ISSN: 00222585
DOI: 10.1603/ME10051
Rights: © 2010 Entomological Society of America. / This article is the copyright property of the Entomological Society of America and may not be used for any commercial or other private purpose without specific written permission of the Entomological Society of America.
Type: Journal Article
Text Version: author
Appears in Collections:Articles in academic journal

Citable URI : http://hdl.handle.net/10069/27431

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