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Inhibitory effect of sulphated polysaccharide porphyran on nitric oxide production in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated RAW264.7 macrophages

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Title: Inhibitory effect of sulphated polysaccharide porphyran on nitric oxide production in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated RAW264.7 macrophages
Authors: Jiang, Zedong / Hama, Yoichiro / Yamaguchi, Kenichi / Oda, Tatsuya
Issue Date: Jan-2012
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Citation: Journal of Biochemistry, 151(1), pp.65-74; 2012
Abstract: Porphyran, extracted from an edible red alga (Porphyra yezoensis), is a sulphated polysaccharide with a wide variety of biological activities including anti-tumour, antioxidant and immuno-modulating activities. In this study, we examined the effect of porphyran on nitric oxide (NO) production in mouse macrophage cell line RAW264.7 cells. Although no significant activity of porphyran to induce NO or tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) production in RAW264.7 cells was observed at the concentration range tested (10-500 g/ml), it was found for the first time that porphyran inhibited NO production and expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in RAW264.7 cells stimulated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). In the presence of 500 g/ml porphyran, NO production and expression of iNOS in LPS-treated RAW264.7 cells were completely suppressed. On the other hand, porphyran showed only a marginal effect on the secretion of TNF-α from LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 cells. Electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA) using infrared dye labelled oligonucleotide with nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) consensus sequence suggested that porphyran inhibited the LPS-induced NF-κB activation. The LPS-inducible nuclear translocation of p65, and the phosphorylation and degradation of IκB-α were also inhibited by the pre-treatment with porphyran. Our results obtained in in vitro analysis suggest that porphyran suppresses NO production in LPS-stimulated macrophages by the blocking of NF-κB activation.
Keywords: iNOS / NF-κB / nitric oxide / porphyran / sulphated polysaccharide
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10069/27444
ISSN: 0021924X
DOI: 10.1093/jb/mvr115
Rights: © The Authors 2011. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Japanese Biochemical Society. All rights reserved / This is a pre-copy-editing, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in Journal of Biochemistry following peer review. The definitive publisher-authenticated version Journal of Biochemistry, 151(1), pp.65-74; 2012 is available online at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jb/mvr115.
Type: Journal Article
Text Version: author
Appears in Collections:Articles in academic journal

Citable URI : http://hdl.handle.net/10069/27444

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