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Association of mast cell-derived VEGF and proteases in dengue shock syndrome

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Title: Association of mast cell-derived VEGF and proteases in dengue shock syndrome
Authors: Furuta, Takahisa / Murao, Lyre Anni / Lan, Nguyen Thi Phuong / Huy, Nguyen Tien / Huong, Vu Thi Que / Thuy, Tran Thi / Tham, Vo Dinh / Nga, Cao Thi Phi / Ha, Tran Thi Ngoc / Ohmoto, Yasukazu / Kikuchi, Mihoko / Morita, Kouichi / Yasunami, Michio / Hirayama, Kenji / Watanabe, Naohiro
Issue Date: 21-Feb-2012
Publisher: Public Library of Science
Citation: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 6(2), e1505; 2012
Abstract: Background: Recent in-vitro studies have suggested that mast cells are involved in Dengue virus infection. To clarify the role of mast cells in the development of clinical Dengue fever, we compared the plasma levels of several mast cell-derived mediators (vascular endothelial cell growth factor [VEGF], soluble VEGF receptors [sVEGFRs], tryptase, and chymase) and -related cytokines (IL-4, -9, and -17) between patients with differing severity of Dengue fever and healthy controls. Methodology/Principal Findings: The study was performed at Children's Hospital No. 2, Ho Chi Minh City, and Vinh Long Province Hospital, Vietnam from 2002 to 2005. Study patients included 103 with Dengue fever (DF), Dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF), and Dengue shock syndrome (DSS), as diagnosed by the World Health Organization criteria. There were 189 healthy subjects, and 19 febrile illness patients of the same Kinh ethnicity. The levels of mast cell-derived mediators and -related cytokines in plasma were measured by ELISA. VEGF and sVEGFR-1 levels were significantly increased in DHF and DSS compared with those of DF and controls, whereas sVEGFR-2 levels were significantly decreased in DHF and DSS. Significant increases in tryptase and chymase levels, which were accompanied by high IL-9 and -17 concentrations, were detected in DHF and DSS patients. By day 4 of admission, VEGF, sVEGFRs, and proteases levels had returned to similar levels as DF and controls. In-vitro VEGF production by mast cells was examined in KU812 and HMC-1 cells, and was found to be highest when the cells were inoculated with Dengue virus and human Dengue virus-immune serum in the presence of IL-9. Conclusions: As mast cells are an important source of VEGF, tryptase, and chymase, our findings suggest that mast cell activation and mast cell-derived mediators participate in the development of DHF. The two proteases, particularly chymase, might serve as good predictive markers of Dengue disease severity.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10069/28990
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0001505
Rights: © 2012 Furuta et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Type: Journal Article
Text Version: publisher
Appears in Collections:Articles in academic journal

Citable URI : http://hdl.handle.net/10069/28990

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