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M.ヴェーバーの「プロテスタンティズムの倫理と資本主義の精神」(一)


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タイトル: M.ヴェーバーの「プロテスタンティズムの倫理と資本主義の精神」(一)
その他のタイトル: Max Weber's "Die protestantische Ethik und der Geist des Kapitalismus" (1)
著者: 笠原, 俊彦
著者(別表記) : Kasahara, Toshihiko
発行日: 2001年 6月25日
出版者: 長崎大学経済学会
引用: 経営と経済, 81(1), pp.91-120; 2001
抄録: Recently the attention of social scientists seems to have shifted mainly from the difference and the conflict between the East and the West to those between or among the capitalistic countries, and now we know several attempts to classify each of these countries of 'free economy' into a certain category defined beforehand as an element composing with others a list of the whole types of capitalism. These efforts propose us indeed some convenient tools to grasp the present state of our economic world, but logically they are destined to fail because of the very method they employ; the method of 'classification' forces us to regard any concrete piece of reality at a definite time and place as a simple example of a certain category, by eliminating or ignoring its various characteristics and thus making us innocently throw it into the category. With this method it is impossible for us naturally to understand the reality with its subtle and yet important attributes which may in time come to change the reality itself considerably so that it can be no more reasonably regarded as a sample of the catetory it once casted into. For a long time I have been interested in the behavioral, especially 'spiritual' , differences of the capitalistic firms, and secretely nourishing the idea that some of the eminent aspects of these differences could be most clearly appreciated by formulating the ideal types (i. e. Idealtypen in Max Weber's sense) of the ethos of capitalistic firms. I noticed at the same time that Weber's 'capitalistic spirit' have the important implication for this attempt which might come to appear some day. This is not the attempt in itself, but merely a preparation to compose myself the ideal types of the ethos of the capitalistic firms. It is a study to understand Weber's 'capitalistic spirit' manifested in his thesis 'Die protestantische Ethik und der Geist des Kapitalismus' , "Gesammelte Aufsatze zur Religionssoziologie I", 1920; the history of the tremendous trials to understand or even defeat this is said to be that of misunderstanding. This part of our observation on Weber's thesis begins with his notice of the fact that the functions of owners, management and higher-class workers in the large modern enterprises were occupied largely by Protestants as contrasted to Catholics. Then it proceeds to Weber's proposal of several possible reasons for the fact, -as follows: (1)the economic reason that men of wealth and their families who once had accepted Protestantism had been advantageous because of their wealth to get the higher states in the modern firms; (2)the socio-psychological reason that freedom from the economic traditionalism had made rich people free also from religious tradition so that they could have accepted Protestantism; (3)the reason of the educational course preferene that Protestants preferred the modern education established to prepare young men for business to classical one, whereas Catholics preferred the latter to the former; (4)the reason of occupational course preference that, in contrast to Catholics, Protestant workers who had trained themselves in the domestic industries tended to move to the factories of the modern firms to get here the higher grades of occupation; (5)the reason of economic rationalism that Protestants had strong attachment to economic activity even when they were majority or ruling groupe -a peculiar exeption of general experience; (6)the reason of the love of 'this world' that Protestants loved the world and enjoyed the life. With deliberation of Weber's examination of each of these reasons, it finally makes us see how and why Weber set his 'paradoxical' hypothesis that Protestants' love of 'the next world' and 'asceticism', not of 'this world' and 'hedonism' , might have some intimate connection with their highly developed economic sense.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10069/29198
ISSN: 02869101
資料タイプ: Departmental Bulletin Paper
原稿種類: publisher
出現コレクション:第81巻 第1号

引用URI : http://hdl.handle.net/10069/29198

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