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M.ヴェーバーの「プロテスタンティズムの倫理と資本主義の精神」(四)


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タイトル: M.ヴェーバーの「プロテスタンティズムの倫理と資本主義の精神」(四)
その他のタイトル: Max Waber's "Die protestantische Ethik und der Geist des Kapitalismus" (4)
著者: 笠原, 俊彦
著者(別表記) : Kasahara, Toshihiko
発行日: 2002年 3月25日
出版者: 長崎大学経済学会
引用: 経営と経済, 81(4), pp.1-36; 2002
抄録: With the distinction clearly in his mind between thought or idea and economy or economic activity, corresponding to the historical materialism, Weber calls the spirit, such as manifested in B. Franklin, 'the capitalistic spirit' , in regard to its most 'adequate' relation to the (modern) capitalistic enterprise. The most 'adequate' relation here means that the capitalistic spirit found its most 'adequate' form in the capitalistic enterprise and that the capitalistic enterprise found its most 'adequate' driving power in the capitalictic spirit; it does not mean any'necessary' relation, so the capitalistic enterprise could be managed by capitalist or manager not with capitalistic spirit but with traditionalistic one, - indeed such cases as this were not rare. The traditionalism or the traditionalistic spirit was another enemy with which the capitalistic spirit had to strive. In the course of its struggle the capitalistic spririt, once it began to function, got capital somehow and rationalized agressively the various ways of economic activity to the defeat and ruin of the traditional ones. Here we see two types of the economic activity, which Weber did not discern but regarded simply as the one that, as stated above, characterized the (modern) capitalistic enterprise, and with which we are tempted, together with the corresponding spirits, to formulate the ideal-types of the enterprise i. e. the traditionalistic enterprise and the (modern) capitalistic enterprice in a newly revised sense, besides the precapitalistic enterprise characterized also with both the economic activity and the spirit, - and we presume Weber himself at least implicitly had an idea to formulate these types of enterprise with both of the two elements. The spiritual revolution from the traditionalism to the capitalistic sprit was not executed by the speculators nor the economic adventurers whithout conscience, even nor the men of wealth, but by the men of the duty to their calling at the sacrifice of themselves. The cause of this 'irrational' moment is the very theme that Weber himself wanted to investigate. The cause could be found neither in the Catholic doctorine, which merely tolerated the profit-seeking as the dirty necessity, nor in the economic rationalism, which, in spite of the assertion by W. Sombart, at least in some meaning might be familiar not with the irrational spirit of the (modern) capitalism but rather with the 'free' conscienceless spirit of the precapitalism.
キーワード: Adventuristic (precapitalistic) enterprise / Traditionalistic enterprise / Capitalistic enterprise / Adequate relation between the spirit and the economic activity / 冒険主義(前資本主義)企業 / 伝統主義企業 / 資本主義企業 / 精神と経済行為との適合的関係
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10069/29263
ISSN: 02869101
資料タイプ: Departmental Bulletin Paper
原稿種類: publisher
出現コレクション:第81巻 第4号

引用URI : http://hdl.handle.net/10069/29263

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