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Title: T団地在住の高齢者と地域住民によるインフォーマル・サービスに関する調査-「助っ人隊」の事例を中心に-
Other Titles: A Study of Elderly Residents in the T Housing Complex and an Informal Service Provided by the Residents ―An analysis of 'SUKETTO―TAI'―
Authors: 今屋, 香澄 / 平山, 愛美 / 前田, 優美 / 本松, 邦恵 / 平野, 裕子
Authors (alternative): Imaya, Kasumi / Hirayama, Aimi / Maeda, Yumi / Motomastsu, Kunie / Ohara-Hirano, Yuko
Issue Date: Mar-2013
Publisher: 長崎大学大学院医歯薬学総合研究科保健学専攻 / Master Course of Health Sciences Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences Nagasaki University
Citation: 保健学研究, 25(1), pp.29-40; 2013
Abstract: 目的:「助っ人隊」の認知・利用・今後の利用の現状と,それに関連する社会・経済的要因を明らかにする. 方法:T団地の60歳以上の住民271名を対象とした.調査項目は,基本属性,生活上の不安,ソーシャル・キャピタル,ソーシャル・サポートの有無,「助っ人隊」の認知・利用・今後の利用,モラール・スケール等である. 結果:「助っ人隊」の認知では同居家族がいる人,ソーシャル・サポートがある人,利用の有無では高齢,女性,無職である人で有意な差がみられた.ソーシャル・キャピタルは「助っ人隊」の認知,利用の有無,今後の利用の有無において関連がみられたが,モラール・スケール合計との間で有意差はなかった. 考察:「助っ人隊」はソーシャル・キャピタルが豊かな人ほど認知・利用されている反面,人間関係に不安がある人にも利用されている.このことから,「助っ人隊」はT団地のソーシャル・キャピタルの中で排除されかけている人達に働きかけることで,比較的中立なインフォーマル・サービスの役割を果たす機能があると考えられる. / Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the present conditions relevant to the current and future use of ‘SUKETTO-TAI; a voluntary informal service group in the T housing complex of Nagasaki City. Methods: A six-page questionnaire was developed and distributed to 271 residents older than 60 years of age living in the T housing complex. The questionnaire categories included basic demographics, life anxieties, social capital, social support, and a morale scale. The responses were analyzed to determine the level of recognition of ‘SUKETTO-TAI’ and to evaluate the current and potential future use of ‘SUKETTO-TAI’. Results: The finding of a statistical analysis suggested that respondents who lived with familiy members and reported having social support were likely to recognize ‘SUKETTO-TAI’. Those who were older, female, and who did not have any current jobs were likely to use ‘SUKETTO-TAI’. The data also suggested that respondents with high social capital, recognized, used and expected to use ‘SUKETTO-TAI’ in the future. However, the analysis of the morale scale scores did not find any correlations with the recognition, use or expected use of SUKETTO-TAI’. Discussion: ‘SUKETTO-TAI’ is used not only by people who are rich in social capital, but also by people who are anxious about human relationships in the community. It can be assumed that ‘SUKETTO-TAI’ plays a relatively neutral role in the T housing complex by providing informal services for people who are likely to be isolated.
Keywords: インフォーマル・サービス / ソーシャル・キャピタル / ソーシャル・サポート / 高齢者 / 地域 / Informal Service / Social Capital / Social Support / Elderly People / Community
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10069/31119
ISSN: 18814441
Type: Departmental Bulletin Paper
Text Version: publisher
Appears in Collections:Volume 25, No. 1

Citable URI : http://hdl.handle.net/10069/31119

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