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Limited potential of school textbooks to prevent tobacco use among students grade 1–9 across multiple developing countries: a content analysis study

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Title: Limited potential of school textbooks to prevent tobacco use among students grade 1–9 across multiple developing countries: a content analysis study
Authors: Saito, Junko / Nonaka, Daisuke / Mizoue, Tetsuya / Kobayashi, Jun / Jayatilleke, Achini C / Shrestha, Sabina / Kikuchi, Kimiyo / Haque, Syed E / Yi, Siyan / Ayi, Irene / Jimba, Masamine
Issue Date: 21-Feb-2013
Publisher: BMJ Publishing Group
Citation: BMJ Open, 3(2), 002340; 2013
Abstract: Objective: To evaluate the content of school textbooks as a tool to prevent tobacco use in developing countries. Design: Content analysis was used to evaluate if the textbooks incorporated the following five core components recommended by the WHO: (1) consequences of tobacco use; (2) social norms; (3) reasons to use tobacco; (4) social influences and (5) resistance and life skills. Setting: Nine developing countries: Bangladesh, Cambodia, Laos, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Benin, Ghana, Niger and Zambia. Textbooks analysed: Of 474 textbooks for primary and junior secondary schools in nine developing countries, 41 were selected which contained descriptions about tobacco use prevention. Results: Of the 41 textbooks, the consequences of tobacco use component was covered in 30 textbooks (73.2%) and the social norms component was covered in 19 (46.3%). The other three components were described in less than 20% of the textbooks. Conclusions: A rather limited number of school textbooks in developing countries contained descriptions of prevention of tobacco use, but they did not fully cover the core components for tobacco use prevention. The chance of tobacco prevention education should be seized by improving the content of school textbooks.
Keywords: article / Bangladesh / Benin / book / Cambodia / child / content analysis / developing country / Ghana / high school / human / Laos / Nepal / Niger / smoking / Sri Lanka / Zambia
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10069/31908
ISSN: 20446055
DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2012-002340
Rights: This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial License, which permits use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non commercial and is otherwise in compliance with the license. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/ and http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/legalcode
Type: Journal Article
Text Version: publisher
Appears in Collections:Articles in academic journal

Citable URI : http://hdl.handle.net/10069/31908

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