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Additive effects of inflammation and stress reaction on Toll-like receptor 4-mediated growth of endometriotic stromal cells

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Title: Additive effects of inflammation and stress reaction on Toll-like receptor 4-mediated growth of endometriotic stromal cells
Authors: Khan, Khaleque Newaz / Kitajima, Michio / Inoue, Tsuneo / Tateishi, Seiko / Fujishita, Akira / Nakashima, Masahiro / Masuzaki, Hideaki
Issue Date: Oct-2013
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Citation: Human Reproduction, 28(10), pp.2794-2803; 2013
Abstract: STUDY QUESTIONIs there any combined effect between inflammation and stress reaction on Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4)-mediated growth of endometriotic cells?SUMMARY ANSWERA combined effect of local inflammation and stress reaction in the pelvic environment may be involved in TLR4-mediated growth of endometriotic stromal cells.WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADYIn endometriosis, higher endotoxin levels in the menstrual fluid (MF) and peritoneal fluid (PF) and higher tissue concentrations of human heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) in the eutopic and ectopic endometria promote TLR4-mediated growth of endometriotic cells.STUDY DESIGN, SIZE AND DURATIONThis is a case-controlled research study with prospective collection and retrospective evaluation of sera, MF, PF and endometrial tissues from 43 women with and 20 women without endometriosis. PARTICIPANTS/MATERIALS, SETTING, METHODSPF was collected from 43 women with endometriosis and 20 control women during laparoscopy. Sera and endometrial biopsy specimens were collected from a proportion of these women. MF was collected from a separate population of 20 women with endometriosis and 15 control women. HSP70 concentrations in sera, MF, PF and in culture media were measured by ELISA. Gene expression of HSP70 by endometrial cells in response to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was examined by qRT-PCR. The individual and combined effects of LPS and HSP70 on the secretion of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα) by PF-derived macrophages (Mφ) were examined by ELISA, while their effects on endometrial cell proliferation were examined by bromodeoxyuridine and [3H]-thymidine incorporation assay.MAIN RESULTS AND THE ROLE OF CHANCEConcentrations of HSP70 were maximal in MF, intermediate in PF and the lowest in sera. In MF and PF, HSP70 levels were higher in women with endometriosis than in controls. LPS stimulated gene expression and secretion of HSP70 by eutopic endometrial stromal cells (ESCs) and this effect was abrogated after pretreatment of cells with an anti-TLR4 antibody. This effect was significantly higher for ESCs derived from women with endometriosis than for ESCs from control women. Exogenous treatment with either HSP70 or LPS significantly stimulated the production of IL-6 and TNFα by Mφ and promoted the proliferation of ESCs, and a significant additive effect between LPS and HSP70 was observed. While individual treatment with either polymyxin B, an LPS antagonist, or anti-HSP70 antibody was unable to suppress the combined effects of LPS and HSP70 on cytokine secretion or ESC proliferation, pretreatment of cells with the anti-TLR4 antibody was able to significantly suppress their combined effects.LIMITATIONS, REASONS FOR CAUTIONSFurther studies are needed to examine the mutual role between other secondary inflammatory mediators and endogenous stress proteins in promoting pelvic inflammation and growth of endometriotic stromal cells.WIDER IMPLICATIONS OF THE FINDINGSOur findings suggest that endotoxin and HSP70 are mutually involved in a stress reaction and in inflammation. A combined effect between local inflammation and a stress reaction in pelvic environment may be involved in TLR4-mediated growth of endometriotic cells.Since endometriosis is a multi-factorial disease, it is difficult to explain uniformly its growth regulation by a single factor. Our findings may provide some new insights in understanding the physiopathology or pathogenesis of endometriosis and may hold new therapeutic potential.
Keywords: endometriosis / HSP70 / inflammation / LPS / TLR4
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10069/33989
ISSN: 02681161
DOI: 10.1093/humrep/det280
Rights: © The Author 2013. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology. All rights reserved. / This is a pre-copy-editing, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in Human Reproduction following peer review. The definitive publisher-authenticated version Human Reproduction, 28 (10), pp. 2794-2803; 2013 is available online at: http://dx.dooi.org/10.1093/humrep/det280
Type: Journal Article
Text Version: author
Appears in Collections:Articles in academic journal

Citable URI : http://hdl.handle.net/10069/33989

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