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Unique T Cells with Unconventional Cytokine Profiles Induced in the Livers of Mice during Schistosoma mansoni Infection

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Title: Unique T Cells with Unconventional Cytokine Profiles Induced in the Livers of Mice during Schistosoma mansoni Infection
Authors: Adachi, Keishi / Osada, Yoshio / Nakamura, Risa / Tamada, Koji / Hamano, Shinjiro
Issue Date: 16-Dec-2013
Publisher: Public Library of Science
Citation: PLoS ONE, 8(12), e82698; 2013
Abstract: During infection with Schistosoma , serious hepatic disorders are induced in the host. The liver possesses unique immune systems composed of specialized cells that differ from those of other immune competent organs or tissues. Host immune responses change dramatically during Schistosoma mansoni infection; in the early phase, Th1-related responses are induced, whereas during the late phase Th2 reactions dominate. Here, we describe unique T cell populations induced in the liver of mice during the period between Th1- and Th2-phases, which we term the transition phase. During this phase, varieties of immune cells including T lymphocytes increase in the liver. Subsets of CD4+ T cells exhibit unique cytokine production profiles, simultaneously producing both IFN-γ and IL-13 or both IFN-γ and IL-4. Furthermore, cells triply positive for IFN-γ, IL-13 and IL-4 also expand in the S. mansoni-infected liver. The induction of these unique cell populations does not occur in the spleen, indicating it is a phenomenon specific to the liver. In single hepatic CD4+ T cells showing the unique cytokine profiles, both T-bet and GATA-3 are expressed. Thus, our studies show that S. mansoni infection triggers the induction of hepatic T cell subsets with unique cytokine profiles.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10069/34204
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0082698
Rights: © 2013 Adachi et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Type: Journal Article
Text Version: publisher
Appears in Collections:Articles in academic journal

Citable URI : http://hdl.handle.net/10069/34204

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