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Dietary Zinc Supplementation to the Donor Improves Insulin Secretion After Islet Transplantation in Chemically Induced Diabetic Rats

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Title: Dietary Zinc Supplementation to the Donor Improves Insulin Secretion After Islet Transplantation in Chemically Induced Diabetic Rats
Authors: Mishima, Takehiro / Kuroki, Tamotsu / Tajima, Yoshitsugu / Adachi, Tomohiko / Hirabaru, Masataka / Tanaka, Takayuki / Kitasato, Amane / Takatsuki, Mitsuhisa / Eguchi, Susumu
Issue Date: Mar-2014
Publisher: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins
Citation: Pancreas, 43(2), pp.236-239; 2014
Abstract: OBJECTIVES: Zinc (Zn) is related to insulin synthesis, storage, and secretion. This study demonstrates the effects of Zn supplementation in donor rats on the outcomes of islet transplantation. METHODS: Donor rats received 3 different regimens of dietary Zn supplementation for 2 weeks before undergoing pancreas donation: a standard diet containing Zn at 50 ppm (control), 1 ppm (low-Zn group) or 1000 ppm (high-Zn group), respectively. Diabetic recipient rats underwent islet transplantation, and the blood glucose levels and insulin secretion were monitored for 7 days after transplantation. RESULTS: The serum and pancreatic Zn levels at the time of donation were significantly lower in the low-Zn group (48.8 ± 25.5 μg/dL and 11.3 ± 1.9 μg/g) and higher in the high-Zn group (147.3 ± 17.6 μg/dL and 18.7 ± 2.2 μg/g) when compared with those observed in the controls (118.7 ± 7.9 μg/dL and 14.6 ± 2.0 μg/g) (P < 0.05). The blood glucose levels became re-elevated 2 days after transplantation in rats receiving islet grafts from the controls and the low-Zn groups. In contrast, in the rats that received islets from the high-Zn groups, these were maintained within a reference range (P < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: These data indicate that a Zn-rich diet for donor rats improves the function of islet grafts in chemically induced diabetic rats.
Keywords: dietary supplementation / graft function / islet transplantation / type 1 diabetes / zinc
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10069/34340
ISSN: 08853177
DOI: 10.1097/MPA.0000000000000093
Rights: © 2014 by Lippincott Williams and Wilkins. / This is a non-final version of an article published in final form in Pancreas, 43(2), pp.236-239; 2014
Type: Journal Article
Text Version: author
Appears in Collections:Articles in academic journal

Citable URI : http://hdl.handle.net/10069/34340

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