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Ki-67 is a strong prognostic marker of non-small cell lung cancer when tissue heterogeneity is considered

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Title: Ki-67 is a strong prognostic marker of non-small cell lung cancer when tissue heterogeneity is considered
Authors: Tabata, Kazuhiro / Tanaka, Tomonori / Hayashi, Tomayoshi / Hori, Takashi / Nunomura, Sayuri / Yonezawa, Suguru / Fukuoka, Junya
Issue Date: 13-May-2014
Publisher: BioMed Central
Citation: BMC Clinical Pathology, 14(1), 23; 2014
Abstract: Background: Ki-67 expression is a well-established prognostic marker in various cancers. However, Ki-67 expression is also known as being heterogeneous. We investigated the prognostic significance of Ki-67 from the view of staining heterogeneity by the technique of Spiral Array. Methods. 100 cases of resected lung cancer from Toyama university hospital archive were collected. Spiral Array blocks were generated out of 100 cases using 100 μm thick paraffin sections. Four μm thick sections of the Array block were stained for Ki-67. Staining results in each reel were scored for areas with lowest (LS), highest (HS), and average (AS) expression, exclusively in the cancer cells. Heterogeneity score (HeS) was designed as the difference between HS and LS. The scores were divided into four grades (0-3). Clinical information was collected, and the prognostic significance of Ki-67 was analyzed. Results: Pathological stage was available for 91 patients (43 stage IA, 22 stage IB, 2 stage IIA, 9 stage IIB, 13 stage IIIA, 1 stage IIIB, and 1 stage IV). The HS of Ki-67 score in non-small cell lung cancer was 3 in 17 cases, 2 in 27 cases, 1 in 28 cases, 0 in 21 cases, and 4 reels were lost. 78 cases had clinical follow up. 74 cases had all the information available and were analyzed for correlation between Ki-67 expression and survival. Cases with score 2 and 3 of HS and HeS showed significant poorer prognosis (both P < 0.001), whereas LS or AS did not show significance. The results were identical when analyzing adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma, separately. Cox multivariate analysis of Ki-67 showed that HS was an independent risk factor affecting overall survival. Conclusions: Ki-67 is a strong prognostic marker for non-small cell lung cancer when the degree of highest staining frequency or heterogeneity is considered.
Keywords: Biomarkers / Expression / Lung cancer / Pathology / Tissue heterogeneity / Tissue microarray
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10069/34526
ISSN: 14726890
DOI: 10.1186/1472-6890-14-23
Rights: © 2014 Tabata et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. / This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly credited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.
Type: Journal Article
Text Version: publisher
Appears in Collections:Articles in academic journal

Citable URI : http://hdl.handle.net/10069/34526

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