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The Non-Thermal Effects of Pulsed Ultrasound Irradiation on the Development of Disuse Muscle Atrophy in Rat Gastrocnemius Muscle


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Title: The Non-Thermal Effects of Pulsed Ultrasound Irradiation on the Development of Disuse Muscle Atrophy in Rat Gastrocnemius Muscle
Authors: Matsumoto, Yoko / Nakano, Jiro / Oga, Satoshi / Kataoka, Hideki / Honda, Yuichiro / Sakamoto, Junya / Okita, Minoru
Issue Date: Jul-2014
Publisher: Elsevier USA
Citation: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology, 40(7), pp.1578-1586; 2014
Abstract: This study examined the effects of therapeutic pulsed ultrasound (US) on the development of disuse muscle atrophy in rat gastrocnemius muscle. Male Wistar rats were randomly distributed into control, immobilization (Im), sham US, and US groups. In the Im, sham US and US groups, the bilateral ankle joints of each rat were immobilized in full plantar flexion with a plaster cast for a 4-wk period. The pulsed US (frequency, 1 MHz; intensity, 1.0 W/cm2; pulsed mode 1:4; 15 min) was irradiated to the gastrocnemius muscle in the US group over a 4-wk immobilization period. The pulsed US irradiation delivered only non-thermal effects to the muscle. In conjunction with US irradiation, 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU) was injected subcutaneously to label the nuclei of proliferating satellite cells 1 h before each pulsed US irradiation. Immobilization resulted in significant decreases in the mean diameters of type I, IIA and IIB muscle fibers of the gastrocnemius muscle in the Im, sham US and US groups compared with the control group. However, the degrees of muscle fiber atrophy for all types were significantly lower in the US group compared with the Im and sham US groups. Although the number of capillaries and the concentrations of insulin-like growth factor and basic fibroblast growth factor did not change in the muscle, the number of BrdU-positive nuclei in the muscle was significantly increased by pulsed US irradiation in the US group. The results of this study suggest that pulsed US irradiation inhibits the development of disuse muscle atrophy partly via activation of satellite cells.
Keywords: Capillary / Disuse muscle atrophy / Growth factor / Pulsed ultrasound / Rat / Satellite cell
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10069/34556
ISSN: 03015629
DOI: 10.1016/j.ultrasmedbio.2013.12.031
Rights: © 2014 World Federation for Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology. / NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology, 40, 7, (2014)
Type: Journal Article
Text Version: author
Appears in Collections:Articles in academic journal

Citable URI : http://hdl.handle.net/10069/34556

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