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Intracellular cyclic adenosine monophosphate regulates the efficiency of intercellular transmission of human T-lymphotropic virus type I


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Title: Intracellular cyclic adenosine monophosphate regulates the efficiency of intercellular transmission of human T-lymphotropic virus type I
Authors: Nakamura, Tatsufumi / Satoh, Katsuya / Nakamura, Hideki / Yamasaki, Hironori
Issue Date: Jun-2014
Publisher: 日本神経免疫学会 / Japanese Society for Neuroimmunology
Citation: Clinical and Experimental Neuroimmunology, 5(2), pp.209-215; 2014
Abstract: Objective To investigate the relationship between the intercellular transmission efficiency of human T-lymphotropic virus type I (HTLV-I) and the signaling involved in actin polymerization during cytoskeletal reorganization in a comparative study of HTLV-I-infected T-cell lines derived from an HTLV-I-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP) patient or an HTLV-I carrier. Methods HCT-5 and TL-Su cells derived from an HAM/TSP patient and an HTLV-I carrier, respectively, were used as HTLV-I-infected T-cell lines. After co-cultivation of each HTLV-I-infected T-cell line with H9/K30 luc reporter cells, the relative luc activities were calculated to analyze the efficiency of intercellular transmission of HTLV-I. The intracellular levels of cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) or cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) were measured in enzyme-linked immunoassays. The expression of phosphorylated vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein (p-VASP) was analyzed by western blotting. Results Treatment of HCT-5 cells with latrunculin B, an inhibitor of actin polymerization, significantly suppressed the relative luc activity. Western blotting analysis of HCT-5 cells treated with the adenylyl cyclase activator forskolin showed upregulation of p-VASP, with a concomitant and significant increase in the intracellular cAMP concentration. Furthermore, the relative luc activity was significantly decreased. The intracellular cAMP, but not cGMP levels, were significantly lower in HCT-5 than in TL-Su. Vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein appeared less phosphorylated in HCT-5 than in TL-Su. The relative luc activity was significantly higher in HCT-5 than in TL-Su. Conclusions The intracellular cAMP concentration regulates the efficiency of intercellular HTLV-I transmission under the control of p-VASP expression, suggesting the intercellular transmission potential of HTLV-I-infected T cells of HAM/TSP patients is enhanced by downregulated intracellular cAMP levels.
Keywords: actin polymerization / cyclic adenosine monophosphate / human T-lymphotropic virus type I / human T-lymphotropic virus type I-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis / vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10069/34718
ISSN: 17591961
DOI: 10.1111/cen3.12097
Rights: © 2014 Japanese Society for Neuroimmunology.
Type: Journal Article
Text Version: publisher
Appears in Collections:Articles in academic journal

Citable URI : http://hdl.handle.net/10069/34718

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