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漁船動力化後の沿岸まき網漁業の展開 -長崎県野母崎地区を事例として-


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タイトル: 漁船動力化後の沿岸まき網漁業の展開 -長崎県野母崎地区を事例として-
その他のタイトル: The Development of Coastal Purse Seine Fishery after Boat Motorization -Case of Nomozaki District, Nagasaki Prefecture-
著者: 片岡, 千賀之 / 亀田, 和彦
著者(別表記) : Kataoka, Chikashi / Kameda, Kazuhiko
発行日: 2014年 3月
出版者: 長崎大学水産学部 / The Faculty of Fisheries, Nagasaki University
引用: 長崎大学水産学部研究報告, 95, pp.1-27; 2014
抄録: This paper analyses the development process of coastal purse seine fishery and/or the round haul net fishery, which plays an important role on the rural society, of the Nomozaki District in Nagasaki Prefecture from a socio-economic view point. The object period between the mid-1920s and the mid-1980 could be divided into several stages. (1)The Fisheries Experimental Station of Nagasaki Prefecture tested this motorized and innovative fishery technology in the mid-1920s. After the Great Depression, this fishery had developed rapidly up until its peak in the mid-1930s, depending on the local appreciation of fishes and an abundant sardine resource. The highly productive purse seine fishery improved the sardine processing sector. (2)The Second World War had destroyed this fishery and the related industry by a conscription of boats and crews, a scarcity of fishing materials, and the wartime control. (3)After the war, this fishery was revived. This was due to the new food security policy, some innovations that increased productivity, and a high inflation rate, caused by a lack of material and the food control plan. There was an even larger rise in the local population, as well as crew members, and workers at the fish processing sector. (4)With a disappearance of sardines in the 1950s, this fishery and the related industry declined. Trials of advancement into the distant waters by larger boats had failed. Some boats were used for coastal fishery instead supplying sardines for cocked and dried fish processing and supplying mackerel and horse mackerel for the fresh fish market. The boat owners had changed hands and the crews had become order. (5)During the two decades following the mid-1960s, this fishery became steady due to a great economic progress, rising fish prices and an increase in anchovy, which are more suitable for cocked and dried fish processing instead of sardines.
キーワード: まき網漁業 / Purse seine fishery / 揚操網漁業 / Round haul net fishery / 煮干し製造 / Cocked and dried fish processing
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10069/34807
ISSN: 05471427
資料タイプ: Departmental Bulletin Paper
原稿種類: publisher
出現コレクション:第95号

引用URI : http://hdl.handle.net/10069/34807

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