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Clinicopathological Parameters Associated with Surgical Site Infections in Patients who Underwent Pancreatic Resection


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Title: Clinicopathological Parameters Associated with Surgical Site Infections in Patients who Underwent Pancreatic Resection
Authors: Nanashima, Atsushi / Abo, Takafumi / Arai, Junichi / Oyama, Shousaburo / Mochinaga, Koji / Matsumoto, Hirofumi / Takagi, Katsunori / Kunizaki, Masaki / To, Kazuo / Takeshita, Hiroaki / Hidaka, Shigekazu / Nagayasu, Takeshi
Issue Date: Sep-2014
Publisher: H.G.E. Update Medical Publishing Ltd.
Citation: Hepato-Gastroenterology, 61(134), pp.1739-1743; 2014
Abstract: Background/Aims: To clarify parameters associated with postoperative surgical site infection (SSI) after pancreatectomy, we examined clinicopathological and surgical records in 186 patients who underwent pancreatectomy at a single academic institute. Methodology: Patient demographics, liver functional parameters, histological findings, surgical records and post-hepatectomy outcomes during hospitalization were compared between the non-SSI and SSI group, in which SSIs included superficial and deep SSIs. Results: The prevalence of SSI (29-35%) has not changed over an 18-year period. With respect to patient demographics and laboratory data, no parameters were associated with postoperative SSI. In surgical records, the operating time in the SSI group tended to be longer in comparison with that in the non-SSI group (618 vs. 553 minutes, respectively) but not significantly different (p=0.070). With respect to postoperative outcomes, time to oral intake in the SSI group was significantly longer than that in the non-SSI group (21.2 vs. 13.7 days, respectively) (p<0.01). Incidences of pancreatic fistula, postoperative bleeding, long-term ascites and re-operation were significantly more frequent in the SSI group in comparison with the non-SSI group (p<0.05). Decrease of body weight after surgery in the SSI group was significantly greater than that in the non-SSI group (-4.1 vs. -2.7kg, respectively) (p<0.05). Period of hospital stay in the SSI group was significantly longer than that in the non-SSI group (37 vs. 25 days) (p<0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that only postoperative pancreatic fistula was significantly associated with SSI (p<0.01). Conclusions: SSI is an important risk factor of longer hospital stay after pancreatectomy and prevention of pancreatic fistula through the future improvement of surgical procedures is necessary to decrease SSI rates.
Keywords: Pancreatic fistula / Patient outcome / Resection / Surgical site infection
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10069/34827
ISSN: 01726390
DOI: 10.5754/hge13392
Rights: © H.G.E. Update Medical Publishing S.A.
Type: Journal Article
Text Version: author
Appears in Collections:Articles in academic journal

Citable URI : http://hdl.handle.net/10069/34827

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