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近代日本における財産区制度の変遷と長崎


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タイトル: 近代日本における財産区制度の変遷と長崎
その他のタイトル: Transformations of the Property Ward System in Modern Japan and Nagasaki
著者: 中木原, 真紀 / 梅津, 千恵子
著者(別表記) : Nakakihara, Maki / Umetsu, Chieko
発行日: 2014年10月 1日
出版者: 長崎大学環境科学部 / Faculty of Environmental Studies, Nagasaki University
引用: 長崎大学総合環境研究, 17(1), pp.31-46; 2014
抄録: In light of Japan's aging society, its diminishing number of children and the depopulation of regional communities, the reactivation of regional communities has become an important policy issue among local governments. Toward this end, the role of systems such as the property ward (zaisanku) system has been discussed. The property ward is a system of community resource management that can be traced back to the Edo era (1603?1867), in which the land, waterways and forests are managed for the benefit of the local community. The iriai system, i.e., the right of common resources, had been developed earlier but after the Meiji restoration in 1868, the iriai system was transformed to the property ward system. The property ward system has also experienced various government institutional transformations regarding the rights of resource use in the community. An "old property ward" was formed after the merger of municipalities during the Meiji era (after 1868), and a "new property ward" was formed during the Showa era (1926?1989). Mergers of municipalities that took place during the Heisei era (1989?present) created a problem of decreasing flexibility in the management of property wards. In 1889, when Nagasaki City was inaugurated, a total of 28 property wards were newly established to manage the common resources for the benefit of the local communities under the City's administration. Since then, Nagasaki City experienced a series of expansions and continued to merge property wards under city administration, and there are now 87 property wards in Nagasaki City. Although the property wards in rural areas have been well documented, not many studies deal with urban property wards in Japan. In the present study we investigated the history of the property ward system in modern Japan and the current status of communal resource management system in Nagasaki City.
キーワード: property ward / common pool resources / zaisanku / iriai / community resource management / Nagasaki
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10069/34842
ISSN: 13446258
資料タイプ: Departmental Bulletin Paper
原稿種類: publisher
出現コレクション:第17巻 第1号

引用URI : http://hdl.handle.net/10069/34842

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