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Work-related Stress, Caregiver Role, and Depressive Symptoms among Japanese Workers

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Title: Work-related Stress, Caregiver Role, and Depressive Symptoms among Japanese Workers
Authors: Honda, Ayumi / Date, Yutaka / Abe, Yasuyo / Aoyagi, Kiyoshi / Honda, Sumihisa
Issue Date: Mar-2014
Publisher: Occupational Safety and Health Research Institute.(OSHRI)
Citation: Safety and Health at Work, 5(1), pp.7-12; 2014
Abstract: Background In Japan, more than 60% of employees are reported to suffer from anxiety and stress. Consequently, Japanese society has begun to address such important issues as psychogenic disability and job-related suicide. Furthermore, given the aging of society and the surge in the number of elderly people requiring care, it is necessary to adequately and proactively support employees who care for their elderly relatives. The purpose of the present study was to investigate caregiver burden in caring for elderly relatives and work-related stress factors associated with mental health among employees. Methods We studied 722 men and women aged 18-83 years in a cross-sectional study. The K10 questionnaire was used to examine mental health status. Results The proportion of participants with a high K10 score was 15% (n = 106). Having little conversation with their supervisor and/or coworkers significantly increased the risk of depression [odds ratio (OR) 1.8], as did high job overload (OR 2.7) and job dissatisfaction (OR 3.8), compared with employees who frequently conversed with their supervisor and/or coworkers. Caring for elderly relatives as a prominent characteristic of an employee was a significant risk factor for depression (OR 2.1). Conclusion The present study demonstrated that employees who were caring for elderly relatives were significantly associated with an increased risk of depression. To prevent depressive disorders, it may be important to focus on reducing the work-caregiving role conflict, as well as enhancing employees' job control and better rewarding their efforts in the workplace.
Keywords: caregiving / depression / work-related stress
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10069/34975
ISSN: 20937911
DOI: 10.1016/j.shaw.2013.11.002
Rights: © 2014, Occupational Safety and Health Research Institute. Published by Elsevier. / NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Safety and Health at Work. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Safety and Health at Work, 5, 1, (2014)
Type: Journal Article
Text Version: author
Appears in Collections:Articles in academic journal

Citable URI : http://hdl.handle.net/10069/34975

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