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The Impact of Multiple Roles on Psychological Distress among Japanese Workers


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Title: The Impact of Multiple Roles on Psychological Distress among Japanese Workers
Authors: Honda, Ayumi / Abe, Yasuyo / Date, Yutaka / Honda, Sumihisa
Issue Date: Jun-2015
Publisher: Occupational Safety and Health Research Institute
Citation: Safety and Health at Work, 6(2), pp.114-119; 2015
Abstract: Abstract Background There has been considerable interest in Japanese society in the problem of work-related stress leading to depressive symptoms, and an increasing number of primary houseworkers maintain paid employment. The purpose of this study was to examine the differential impact of multiple roles associated with psychological distress among Japanese workers. Methods We studied 722 men and women aged 18-83 years in a cross-sectional study. The K10 questionnaire was used to examine psychological distress. Results The proportion of participants with psychological distress was higher in women (17.8%) compared with men (11.5%). Having three roles significantly decreased the risk of psychological distress [women: odds ratio (OR), 0.37-fold; men: OR, 0.41] compared with only one role. In working married women, there was significantly less psychological distress (OR, 0.27), and those with childrearing or caregiving responsibilities for elderly parents had significantly less psychological distress (OR, 0.38) than those with only an employment role. Similarly, working married men who had childrearing or caregiving responsibilities for elderly parents had significantly less psychological distress (OR, 0.41) than those who had only an employment role. Conclusion The present study demonstrated that participants who had only an employment role had an increased risk of psychological distress. The degree of psychological distress was not determined solely by the number of roles. It is important to have balance between work and family life to reduce role conflict and/or role submersion, which in turn may reduce the risk of psychological distress.
Keywords: gender differences / Japanese workers / multiple roles / psychological distress
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10069/35780
ISSN: 20937911
DOI: 10.1016/j.shaw.2014.12.004
Rights: © 2015 Published by Elsevier Korea LLC. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Type: Journal Article
Text Version: author
Appears in Collections:Articles in academic journal

Citable URI : http://hdl.handle.net/10069/35780

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