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表現の自由の保障における表現者の意思の役割 -米国憲法修正1条における言論者の意思をめぐる解釈論を手がかりとして-

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タイトル: 表現の自由の保障における表現者の意思の役割 -米国憲法修正1条における言論者の意思をめぐる解釈論を手がかりとして-
その他のタイトル: The Role of the Intent of the Actor of Expression in Eusuring Freedom of Expression under the Constitution of Japan: With Reference to Arguments on "Intent of Speakers" in the First Amendment of the Constitution of the United States
著者: 海野, 敦史
著者(別表記) : Umino, Atsushi
発行日: 2015年 9月25日
出版者: 長崎大学経済学会 / Economics Society of Nagasaki University
引用: 経営と経済, 95(1-2), pp.75-162; 2015
抄録: This paper addresses the legal role of the intent possessed by the actor of expression protected by the“freedom of expression”that is assured under the Constitution of Japan. For this purpose, it refers to the relevant arguments in the United States, where freedom of speech is protected by the First Amendment of the U.S. Constitution. Having carefully examined the arguments, this paper comes to the conclusion that the relationship between the intent of the actor of expression and the possible regulations on expression can basically be determined through case-by-case analysis. Namely, the intent itself is protected as ensuring freedom of thought under the Constitution of Japan, but is not, in principle, a main factor in determining the extent to which such regulations may be justified. This is partly due to the fact that the extent to which the intent of the actor of expression may harm its receiver may vary depending on the content, situation and manner of the expression. However, the intent can play a supplementary role in balancing legal interests between the actor of expression and its receiver. Particularly, the necessity to consider the intent in ensuring freedom of expression can be advanced from the perspective of protecting fundamental rights of the actor of expression when regulations are accompanied by a punishment under criminal law. It is also noteworthy that it has become necessary to consider not only the intent of what is expressed but also how it is expressed, due to the dramatic expansion and diversification of channels of expression in our current society. This is in large part due to the development of the Internet, which has given rise to such platforms as blogs and Social Networking Services (SNSs).Specifically, one can assume that the intent to express oneself using public, open-access channels of communications leads to potentially more harmful effects than that of expressions using private, limited-access channels.
記述: 柴多一雄教授、大内和直教授定年退職記念号 / In Honour of Prof. Kazuo Shibata and Prof. Kazunao Ouchi
キーワード: freedom of expression / Constitution of Japan / First Amendment / intent of the actor of expression / restrictions on expression / 表現の自由 / 日本国憲法 / 修正1条 / 表現者の意思 / 表現規制
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10069/35918
ISSN: 02869101
資料タイプ: Departmental Bulletin Paper
原稿種類: publisher
出現コレクション:第95巻 第1-2号

引用URI : http://hdl.handle.net/10069/35918



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