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Effect of gable bend incorporated into loop mechanics on anterior tooth movement: Comparative study between en masse retraction and two-step retraction


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Title: Effect of gable bend incorporated into loop mechanics on anterior tooth movement: Comparative study between en masse retraction and two-step retraction
Other Titles: ループメカニクスにおける空隙閉鎖時のゲーブルベンドの角度が前歯の移動動態に及ぼす効果: 抜歯空隙の一括閉鎖と二段階閉鎖の比較
Authors: 蔣, 寶漳
Authors (alternative): Chiang, Pao-Chang
Issue Date: 20-Mar-2015
Publisher: 日本矯正歯科学会
Citation: Nagasaki University (長崎大学), 博士(歯学) (2015-03-20)
Abstract: Purpose: To verify whether en masse retraction or two-step retraction could provide more effective torque control of the anterior teeth when varying the degree of gable bend in loop mechanics. Materials and methods: The forces and moments delivered by 10. mm high teardrop loops with gable bends of 0, 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, and 30° were calculated by the tangent stiffness method and applied to three-dimensional (3D) finite element (FE) models. FE models simulating en masse retraction and two-step retraction were constructed separately. The movement patterns of the maxillary central incisor, namely the degree of lingual crown tipping and the location of the center of rotation (CRo), were analyzed. Results: The moment to force (M/F) ratio generated by activation of closing loops increased as the degree of gable bend was increased from 0 to 30°. The degree of lingual crown tipping increased in en masse retraction, whereas it decreased in two-step retraction as the degree of gable bend was increased. Although the location of the CRo remained almost at the same position in en masse retraction, it moved apically in two-step retraction when increasing the degree of gable bend. Conclusion: Incorporation of gable bends into closing loops would provide effective torque control of the anterior tooth in two-step retraction. Conversely, it is considered that the movement patterns of anterior teeth are hardly influenced by gable bends placed into loops in en masse retraction.
Description: 長崎大学学位論文 学位記番号:博(医歯薬)甲第771号 学位授与年月日:平成27年3月20日 / Author: Pao-Chang Chiang, Yoshiyuki Koga, Jun-ya Tominaga, Hiroya Ozaki, Ryo Hamanaka, Mayumi Sumi, Noriaki Yoshida / Citation: Orthodontic Waves, 74(3), pp.55-61; 2015-09
Keywords: En masse retraction / Finite element method / Gable bends / Loop mechanics / Two-step retraction
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10069/36194
DOI: 10.1016/j.odw.2015.02.002
Relational Links: http://hdl.handle.net/10069/35649
Rights: (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd and the Japanese Orthodontic Society.
Type: Thesis or Dissertation
Text Version: ETD
Appears in Collections:dissertation

Citable URI : http://hdl.handle.net/10069/36194

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