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Production and use of two marine zooplanktons, Tigriopus japonicus and Diaphanosoma celebensis, as live food for red sea bream Pagrus major larvae


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Title: Production and use of two marine zooplanktons, Tigriopus japonicus and Diaphanosoma celebensis, as live food for red sea bream Pagrus major larvae
Authors: Hagiwara, Atsushi / Kim, Hee-Jin / Matsumoto, Hokuto / Ohta, Yusuke / Morita, Tetsuro / Hatanaka, Akimasa / Ishizuka, Risa / Sakakura, Yoshitaka
Issue Date: 15-Sep-2016
Publisher: 日本水産学会 / The Japanese Society of Fisheries Science
Citation: Fisheries Science, 82(5), pp.799–809; 2016
Abstract: We evaluated the effectiveness of two representative marine zooplankton, the harpacticoid copepod Tigriopus japonicus and the euryhaline cladoceran Diaphanosoma celebensis, as live food for red sea bream Pagrus major larvae. Chicken-dropping extract (CDE) was applied to both zooplankton cultures to improve population growth. Population growth of both zooplankton was significantly enhanced by CDE supplementation (at 1 or 2 ml/l). The highest amount of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and higher DHA/eicosapentaenoic acid ratio were detected in T. japonicus, whereas D. celebensis showed similar values to that of Artemia. Effectiveness of both animals as live food was tested by rearing red sea bream larvae on them for 28 days and comparing the results with those for Artemia. There were no significant differences in total length (8.6 ± 1.1–8.7 ± 0.7 mm) or wet weight (8.2 ± 0.3–9.4 ± 0.1 mg) among fish larvae feeding on the three different zooplankton. Survival rate was significantly higher with T. japonicus (39.4 ± 3.1 %) than with D. celebensis (20.8 ± 3.8 %) and Artemia (16.7 ± 9.8 %). Viability was significantly higher in fish fed with T. japonicus (60.0 ± 27.8 %) and D. celebensis (60.0 ± 32.2 %) than in those fed with Artemia (44.4 ± 12.3 %). Fish fed with T. japonicus contained higher n-3 highly unsaturated fatty acids than those fed with D. celebensis and Artemia. It is concluded that T. japonicus and D. celebensis have high potential as live food in marine fish larviculture.
Keywords: Copepoda / Cladocera / Larviculture / Growth / Survival
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10069/36926
ISSN: 09199268
DOI: 10.1007/s12562-016-1005-9
Rights: © Japanese Society of Fisheries Science 2016 / The final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12562-016-1005-9
Type: Journal Article
Text Version: author
Appears in Collections:Articles in academic journal

Citable URI : http://hdl.handle.net/10069/36926

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