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Efficacy of High-Dose Meropenem (6 g/day) in the Treatment of Experimental Murine Pneumonia Induced by Meropenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa


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Title: Efficacy of High-Dose Meropenem (6 g/day) in the Treatment of Experimental Murine Pneumonia Induced by Meropenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Other Titles: メロペネム耐性緑膿菌による肺炎に対する高用量メロペネム(6g/day)の効果の検討
Authors: 大島, 一浩
Authors (alternative): Oshima, Kazuhiro
Issue Date: 21-Mar-2017
Publisher: American Society for Microbiology
Citation: Nagasaki University (長崎大学), 博士(医学) (2017-03-21)
Abstract: High-dose meropenem (MEPM; 6 g/day) has been approved as a treatment for purulent meningitis; however, little is known regarding its in vivo efficacy in refractory lower respiratory tract infections. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of MEPM at 6 g/day in a murine model of severe pneumonia caused by MEPM-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Experimental pneumonia induced by MEPM-resistant P. aeruginosa was treated with normal-dose MEPM (150 mg/kg of body weight, simulating a 3-g/day regimen in humans) or high-dose MEPM (500 mg/kg, simulating a 6-g/day regimen in humans). Mice treated with high-dose MEPM showed significantly restored survival relative to that of untreated mice and tended to show a survival rate higher than that of mice treated with normal-dose MEPM. The viable bacterial counts (of two clinical isolates) in the lungs decreased significantly in mice treated with high-dose MEPM from those for untreated mice (P < 0.001) or mice treated with normal-dose MEPM (P, <0.01 and <0.05). The number of inflammatory cells in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) was also significantly lower in mice treated with high-dose MEPM than in untreated mice. The free MEPM concentration in the epithelial lining fluid (ELF) exceeded 16 μg/ml for 85 min in mice treated with high-dose MEPM, but not for mice treated with normal-dose MEPM. Our results demonstrate that high-dose MEPM (6 g/day) might provide better protection against pneumonia caused by MEPM-resistant strains of P. aeruginosa than the dose normally administered (less than 3 g/day).
Description: 長崎大学学位論文 学位記番号:博(医歯薬)甲第931号 学位授与年月日:平成29年3月21日 / Author: Kazuhiro Oshima, Shigeki Nakamura, Naoki Iwanaga, Koji Takemoto, Taiga Miyazaki, Kastunori Yanagihara, Yoshitsugu Miyazaki, Hiroshi Mukae, Shigeru Kohno, Koichi Izumikawa / Citation: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, 61(1), e02056-16; 2017
Keywords: high dose / meropenem / pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics / meropenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10069/37694
ISSN: 00664804
DOI: 10.1128/AAC.02056-16
Relational Links: http://hdl.handle.net/10069/37208
Rights: © American Society for Microbiology, Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, 61(1), e02056-16; 2017
Type: Thesis or Dissertation
Text Version: ETD
Appears in Collections:dissertation

Citable URI : http://hdl.handle.net/10069/37694

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