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Effect of perioperative oral care on prevention of postoperative pneumonia associated with esophageal cancer surgery

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タイトル: Effect of perioperative oral care on prevention of postoperative pneumonia associated with esophageal cancer surgery
著者: Soutome, Sakiko / Yanamoto, Souichi / Funahara, Madoka / Hasegawa, Takumi / Komori, Takahide / Yamada, Shin-ichi / Kurita, Hiroshi / Yamauchi, Chika / Shibuya, Yasuyuki / Kojima, Yuka / Nakahara, Hirokazu / Oho, Takahiko / Umeda, Masahiro
発行日: 2017年 8月
出版者: Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc.
引用: Medicine, 96(33), e7436; 2017
抄録: The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of oral care in prevention of postoperative pneumonia associated with esophageal cancer surgery. Postoperative pneumonia is a severe adverse event associated with esophageal cancer surgery. It is thought to be caused by aspiration of oropharyngeal fluid containing pathogens. However, the relationship between oral health status and postoperative pneumonia has not been well investigated. This study included 539 patients with esophageal cancer undergoing surgery at 1 of 7 university hospitals. While 306 patients received perioperative oral care, 233 did not. Various clinical factors as well as occurrence of postoperative pneumonia were retrospectively evaluated. Propensity-score matching was performed to minimize selection biases associated with comparison of retrospective data between the oral care and control groups. Factors related to postoperative pneumonia were analyzed by logistic regression analysis. Of the original 539 patients, 103 (19.1%) experienced postoperative pneumonia. The results of multivariate analysis of the 420 propensity score-matched patients revealed longer operation time, postoperative dysphagia, and lack of oral care intervention to be significantly correlated with postoperative pneumonia. The present findings demonstrate that perioperative oral care can reduce the risk of postoperative pneumonia in patients undergoing esophageal cancer surgery.
キーワード: esophageal cancer surgery / oral care / postoperative pneumonia / propensity score
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10069/37767
ISSN: 00257974
DOI: 10.1097/MD.0000000000007436
権利: © 2017 The Authors. Published by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. / This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (CCBY), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
資料タイプ: Journal Article
原稿種類: publisher
出現コレクション:130 学術雑誌論文

引用URI : http://hdl.handle.net/10069/37767



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