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How do urban characteristics affect climate change mitigation policies?


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タイトル: How do urban characteristics affect climate change mitigation policies?
著者: Fujii, Hidemichi / Iwata, Kazuyuki / Managi, Shunsuke
発行日: 2017年12月 1日
出版者: Elsevier Ltd.
引用: Journal of Cleaner Production, 168, pp.271-278; 2017
抄録: Urban policy plays an important role in urbanization and urban sprawl, which in turn affect changes in CO2 emissions from urban areas. However, urban planning policies that consider climate change mitigation have not been widely adopted, despite the issue's importance. To promote the consideration of climate change policies in urban planning, it is useful to identify the key determinants of effective climate change mitigation for policy makers. The objective of this study is therefore to identify the determining factors that affect changes in urban CO2 emissions based on city type using a dataset of metropolitan areas. We obtained data on 276 cities in 26 countries for the years 2000, 2005, and 2008. We divided the data into five regional groups and four clusters to control for the characteristics of metropolitan areas. The dataset includes urban CO2 emissions, GDP, and population. Three variables related to urban characteristics are subjected to determinants analysis using an econometric approach. The results show that the determinants of changes in urban CO2 emissions differ by city type and region. These results contribute to a better understanding of urban policies that can improve the effects of these driving factors by considering the characteristics of each city type.
キーワード: Urban policy / CO2 emissions / Metropolitan area / Urban characteristics / Compact city / OECD
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10069/37865
ISSN: 09596526
DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2017.08.221
権利: © 2017. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
資料タイプ: Journal Article
原稿種類: author
出現コレクション:085 学術雑誌論文

引用URI : http://hdl.handle.net/10069/37865

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