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A paradigm shift for bone quality in dentistry: A literature review

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タイトル: A paradigm shift for bone quality in dentistry: A literature review
著者: Kuroshima, Shinichiro / Kaku, Masaru / Ishimoto, Takuya / Sasaki, Muneteru / Nakano, Takayoshi / Sawase, Takashi
発行日: 2017年10月
出版者: 日本補綴歯科学会 / Japan Prosthodontic Society
引用: Journal of Prosthodontic Research, 61(4), pp.353-362; 2017
抄録: Purpose: The aim of this study was to present the current concept of bone quality based on the proposal by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and some of the cellular and molecular factors that affect bone quality. Study selection: This is a literature review which focuses on collagen, biological apatite (BAp), and bone cells such as osteoblasts and osteocytes. Results: In dentistry, the term “bone quality” has long been considered to be synonymous with bone mineral density (BMD) based on radiographic and sensible evaluations. In 2000, the NIH proposed the concept of bone quality as “the sum of all characteristics of bone that influence the bone’s resistance to fracture,” which is completely independent of BMD. The NIH defines bone quality as comprising bone architecture, bone turnover, bone mineralization, and micro-damage accumulation. Moreover, our investigations have demonstrated that BAp, collagen, and bone cells such as osteoblasts and osteocytes play essential roles in controlling the current concept of bone quality in bone around hip and dental implants. Conclusion: The current concept of bone quality is crucial for understanding bone mechanical functions. BAp, collagen and osteocytes are the main factors affecting bone quality. Moreover, mechanical loading dynamically adapts bone quality. Understanding the current concept of bone quality is required in dentistry.
キーワード: Bone quality / Collagen / Biological apatite (BAp) / Osteocytes / Prosthodontic dentistry
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10069/37949
ISSN: 18831958
DOI: 10.1016/j.jpor.2017.05.006
権利: © 2017 Japan Prosthodontic Society. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
資料タイプ: Journal Article
原稿種類: publisher
出現コレクション:130 学術雑誌論文

引用URI : http://hdl.handle.net/10069/37949



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