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Scaffold-free trachea regeneration by tissue engineering with bio-3D printing

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Title: Scaffold-free trachea regeneration by tissue engineering with bio-3D printing
Other Titles: バイオ3Dプリンティング技術を用いた組織工学的手法による気管再生
Authors: 谷口, 大輔
Authors (alternative): Taniguchi, Daisuke
Issue Date: 20-Mar-2018
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Citation: Nagasaki University (長崎大学), 博士(医学) (2018-03-20)
Abstract: OBJECTIVES: Currently, most of the artificial airway organs still require scaffolds; however, such scaffolds exhibit several limitations. Alternatively, the use of an autologous artificial trachea without foreign materials and immunosuppressants may solve these issues and constitute a preferred tool. The rationale of this study was to develop a new scaffold-free approach for an artificial trachea using bio-3D printing technology. Here, we assessed the circumferential tracheal replacement using scaffold-free trachea-like grafts generated from isolated cells in an inbred animal model. METHODS: Chondrocytes and mesenchymal stem cells were isolated from F344 rats. Rat lung microvessel endothelial cells were purchased. Our bio-3D printer generates spheroids consisting of several types of cells to create 3D structures. The bio-3D-printed artificial trachea from spheroids was matured in a bioreactor and transplanted into F344 rats as a tracheal graft under general anaesthesia. The mechanical strength of the artificial trachea was measured, and histological and immunohistochemical examinations were performed. RESULTS: Tracheal transplantation was performed in 9 rats, which were followed up postoperatively for 23 days. The average tensile strength of artificial tracheas before transplantation was 526.3 ± 125.7 mN. The bio-3D-printed scaffold-free artificial trachea had sufficient strength to transplant into the trachea with silicone stents that were used to prevent collapse of the artificial trachea and to support the graft until sufficient blood supply was obtained. Chondrogenesis and vasculogenesis were observed histologically. CONCLUSIONS: The scaffold-free isogenic artificial tracheas produced by a bio-3D printer could be utilized as tracheal grafts in rats.
Description: 長崎大学学位論文 学位記番号:博(医歯薬)甲第1035号 学位授与年月日:平成30年3月20日 / Author: Daisuke Taniguchi, Keitaro Matsumoto, Tomoshi Tsuchiya, Ryusuke Machino, Yosuke Takeoka, Abdelmotagaly Elgalad, Kiyofumi Gunge, Katsunori Takagi, Yasuaki Taura, Go Hatachi, Naoto Matsuo, Naoya Yamasaki, Koichi Nakayama, Takeshi Nagayasu / Citation: Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery, 26(5), pp.745–752; 2018
Keywords: Bio-three-dimensional printing / Trachea regeneration / Tissue engineering / Scaffold-free artificial trachea
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10069/38312
ISSN: 15699293
DOI: 10.1093/icvts/ivx444
Relational Links: http://hdl.handle.net/10069/38077
Rights: © The Author(s) 2018. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery. All rights reserved. / This is a pre-copyedited, author-produced version of an article accepted for publication in Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery following peer review. The version of record Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery, 26(5), pp.745–752; 2018 is available online at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/icvts/ivx444.
Type: Thesis or Dissertation
Text Version: ETD
Appears in Collections:dissertation

Citable URI : http://hdl.handle.net/10069/38312

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